1. Consider the following acts
1. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
2. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977
3. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
4. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
5. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
6. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
7. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002
Which of the following are not covered under the Schedule I of the NGT Act?
a) 6 only
b) 7 only
c) 2 only
d) All of the above acts are covered
2. Consider the following states
Which of the above are included in the core cold wave zone?
a) All except 1
b) All except 3
c) All except 4
d) All of the above
3. Consider the following statements regarding Wildlife Crime Control Bureau
1. It is not a statutory body.
2. Its mandate is to tackle wildlife related crimes in the country such as poaching, smuggling etc.
Which of the following statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
4. Dyanganga Wildlife Sanctuary is located in which of the following states?
a) Uttar Pradesh
b) Madhya Pradesh
5. Which of the following is/are the sources of Volatile organic compounds (VOCs?)
1. Paints and Coatings
2. Cigarette Smoke
Choose the correct option from below
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 3
d) All of the above
ANSWER & EXPLANATION
Explanation: The NGT has the power to hear all civil cases relating to environmental issues and questions that are linked to the implementation of laws listed in Schedule I of the NGT Act.
These include the following –
1. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974;
2. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977;
3. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980;
4. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981;
5. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986;
6. The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991;
7. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002.
Explanation: In its latest seasonal outlook for December to February, the IMD has said there was a higher probability of above-normal minimum temperatures during the winter season.
The impact of above-normal mean temperatures will be mostly felt in the “core cold wave zone“.
The core cold wave zone covers Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and Telangana, and meteorological and meteorological subdivisions of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh, Marathawada, Vidharbha, Saurashtra (Gujarat) and central Maharahtra.
3. Answer: B
Explanation: Wildlife Crime Control Bureau a statutory body established by the Government of India under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change to combat organised wildlife crime. The Wild Life Amendment Act, 2006 provisions came in to force on 4 September 2006.
It became operational in the year 2008.
Its mandate is to tackle wildlife related crimes in the country such as poaching, smuggling etc.
It would be assisted by other law enforcing agencies in investigation.
It would maintain records and analyse trends of wildlife crimes in the country.
4. Answer: C
Explanation: The Dnyanganga Sanctuary is situated 28 km from Buldhana and 20 km from Khamgaon town of Maharashtra.
It is in Buldhana District, near the Dnyanganga River (which is a tributary of the Tapti River)
There are two lakes within the 205 sq km sanctuary.
It is a part of the Melghat Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra.
A young male tiger has reportedly taken an extra-long jaunt through the states of Maharashtra and Telangana, covering a total distance of roughly 1,300 km in just five months.
He began his trek from his birthplace, the Tipeshwar wildlife sanctuary in Yavatmal district, Maharashtra, and ended up in the Dnyanganga Wildlife Sanctuary in Buldhana district of Maharashtra.
5. Answer: D
Explanation: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are compounds that easily become vapors or gases.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.
Their high vapor pressure results from a low boiling point, which causes large numbers of molecules to evaporate or sublimate from the liquid or solid form of the compound and enter the surrounding air, a trait known as volatility.
VOCs are released from burning fuels such as gasoline, wood, coal, or natural gas.
They are also released from many consumer products – Cigarettes, Solvents, Paints and thinners, Adhesives, Hobby and craft supplies, Dry cleaning, etc.
Formaldehyde, which evaporates from paint and releases from materials like resin, has a boiling point of only –19 °C.
VOCs are numerous, varied, and ubiquitous.
They include both human-made and naturally occurring chemical compounds.
Most scents or odors are of VOCs. VOCs play an important role in communication between plants, and messages from plants to animals.
Some VOCs are dangerousto human health or cause harm to the environment.