1. National Population Commission is headed by –
a) Prime Minister
b) Home Minister
c) Minister of Health and Family Welfare
d) Deputy Chairman of NITI Aayog
2. World Population Prospects is released by
a) World Health Organisation
b) United Nations
c) World Bank
d) None of these
3. The National Population Stabilisation Fund has been registered as an autonomous society of –
a) Ministry of Home Affairs
b) Ministry of Human Resource Development
c) Ministry of Finance
d) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
4. Kurile islands dispute was in news recently. This is a disputed territory between which 2 countries?
a) China and Japan
b) Japan and Russia
c) North Korea and South Korea
d) Britain and Argentina
5. FASAL, a farm oriented initiative often in news, is a project related with –
a) Fast and Speedy Approval of Land Use Change
b) Facilitating World Class Agro Standards of Land Usage
c) Forecasting Agricultural Output using Space, Agro-meteorology and Land-based Observations
d) Familiarising Farmers with Scientific Leaders and their Innovations
Answer & Explanation
1. Answer: A
Explanation: National Population Commission is a commission of the Indian government.
It was established in 11 May 2000. It is chaired by the prime minister with the Deputy Chairman Planning Commission (now NITI Aayog) as vice chairman. It is chaired by the prime minister.
Chief Ministers of all states, ministers of the related central ministries, secretaries of the concerned departments, eminent physicians, demographers and the representatives of the civil society are members of the commission.
2. Answer: B
Explanation: According to ‘The World Population Prospects 2019’ published by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country by 2027.
3. Answer: D
Explanation: The Government of India had set up a National Population Stabilization Fund (NPSF) in the year 2004-05 with a one-time grant of Rs.100 crore in the form of a corpus fund.
This is now known as Jansankhya Sthirata Kosh (JSK).
This is an autonomous body registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. It has been registered as an autonomous society of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
JSK has to use the interest on the Corpus and also raise contributions from organisations and individuals that support population stabilisation.
4. Answer: B
5. Answer: C
Explanation: In 1988, Government of India started a project “Crop Acreage and Production Estimation (CAPE)” to collect the statistics of Agricultural Output.
But to forecast of Crops at sowing stage requires weather data and information of economic factors.
So “Forecasting Agricultural output using Space, Agro meteorological and Land based observations (FASAL)” was designed.
The main aim was to collect Monsoon data through remote sensing, economic data and monitoring of crops when growing.
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