1. Which of the following organization are correctly matched with their leaders?
1. Indian Social Conference – M. G. Ranade
2. The Indian League – Surendra Nath Banerjea
3. Indian National Association – Sisir Kumar Ghosh
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 3 only
c) 1 only
d) 2 and 3 only
2. Consider the following statements about the SNDP movement
1. The SNDP movement was an example of regional movement born out of conflict between the depressed classes and upper castes.
2. It was started by Sree Narayana Guru Swamy among the Ezhavas of Kerala, who were a backward caste of toddy-tappers and were considered to be untouchables
3. The Ezhavas were the single largest caste group in Kerala constituting 26 per cent of the total population
Which of the above are correct?
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) All of the above
3. Arrange the following in the correct chronological order of their establishment?
1. The Calcutta Madrasah
2. Fort William College
3. The Sanskrit College
4. Which of the following statements are true in the context of Government of India Act, 1935?
1. The Hindu Mahasabha and the National Liberal Foundation, however, declared themselves in favour of the working of the 1935 Act in the central as well as at the provincial level.
2. It was a result of the discussions held at the Third Round Table Conference
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither of the above
5. Which of the following statements are incorrect about the Wood’s Despatch (1854)?
1. It repudiated the ‘downward filtration theory’ of the British government of India
2. It laid stress on female and vocational education, and on teachers’ training.
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
ANSWER & EXPLANATION
Explanation: Founded by M.G. Ranade and Raghunath Rao, the Indian Social Conference met annually from its first session in Madras in 1887 at the same time and venue as the Indian National Congress.
It focused attention on the social issues of importance; it could be called the social reform cell of the Indian National Congress, in fact. The conference advocated inter-caste marriages and opposed polygamy.
The Indian League was started in 1875 by Sisir Kumar Ghosh with the object of “stimulating the sense of nationalism amongst the people” and of encouraging political education.
The Indian Association of Calcutta (also known as the Indian National Association) superseded the Indian League and was founded in 1876 by younger nationalists of Bengal led by Surendranath Banerjea and Ananda Mohan Bose
Explanation: The SNDP movement was born out of conflict between the depressed classes and upper castes.
It was started by Sree Narayana Guru Swamy among the Ezhavas of Kerala, who were a backward caste of toddy-tappers and were considered to be untouchables, denied education and entry into temples.
The Ezhavas were the single largest caste group in Kerala constituting 26 per cent of the total population.
Narayana Guru, himself from the Ezhava caste, took a stone from the Neyyar River and installed it as a Sivalinga at Aruvippuram on Sivaratri in 1888.
It was intended to show that consecration of an idol was not the monopoly of the higher castes.
With this he began a revolution that soon led to the removal of much discrimination in Kerala’s society.
The movement (Aruvippuram movement) drew the famous poet Kumaran Asan as a disciple of Narayana Guru.
In 1889, the Aruvippuram Kshetra Yogam was formed which was decided to expand into a big organisation to help the Ezhavas to progress materially as well as spiritually.
Sree Narayana Guru held all religions to be the same and condemned animal sacrifice besides speaking against divisiveness on the basis of caste, race or creed.
Explanation: The Calcutta Madrasah was established by Warren Hastings in 1781 for the study of Muslim law and related subjects.
The Sanskrit College was established by Jonathan Duncan, the resident, at Benaras in 1791 for study of Hindu law and philosophy.
Fort William College was set up by Wellesley in 1800 for training of civil servants of the Company in languages and customs of Indians (closed in 1802)
Explanation: Amidst the struggle of 1932 (CDM and its aftermath), the Third RTC was held in November, again without Congress participation. The discussions led to the formulation of the Act of 1935.
The 1935 Act was condemned by nearly all sections and unanimously rejected by the Congress. The Hindu Mahasabha and the National Liberal Foundation, however, declared themselves in favour of the working of the 1935 Act in the central as well as at the provincial level.
Explanation: Wood’s Despatch, 1854
This document was the first comprehensive plan for the spread of education in India.
1. It asked the government of India to assume responsibility for education of the masses, thus repudiating the ‘downward filtration theory’, at least on paper.
2. It systematized the hierarchy from vernacular primary schools in villages at bottom, followed by Anglo-Vernacular High Schools and an affiliated college at the district level, and affiliating universities in the presidency towns of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras.
3. It recommended English as the medium of instruction for higher studies and vernaculars at school level.
4. It laid stress on female and vocational education, and on teachers’ training.
5. It lay down that the education imparted in government institutions should be secular.
6. It recommended a system of grants-in-aid to encourage private enterprise.