1. Which of the following newspapers are correctly matched with their founders?
1. Swadesamitran – G. Subramaniya Aiyar
2. Voice of India – Dadabhai Naoroji
3. Indian Mirror – N.N. Sen
a) 1and 2 only
b) 3 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) All of the above
2. Consider the following statements about Surendranath Banerjea
Statement A: In 1883, Surendranath Banerjea became the first Indian journalist to be imprisoned
Statement B: He had criticised a judge of Calcutta High Court for being insensitive to the religious sentiments of Bengalis
a) If Statements A and B are both true, and Statement B is the reason for A
b) If Statements A and B are both true, but Statement B is not the reason for A
c) If Statements A is true, but Statement B is not true
d) If Statements B is true, but Statement A is not true
3. Arrange the following in the correct chronological order of their establishment?
1. Meerut Conspiracy Case
2. The Second Lahore Conspiracy Case
3. INA Trials
4. In 1715, an English mission led by John Surman to the court of the Mughal emperor _______________ secured three famous Farmans, giving the Company many valuable privileges in Bengal, Gujarat and Hyderabad. The Farmans thus obtained were regarded the Magna Carta of the Company.
a) Bahadur Shah I
b) Farrukh Siyar
c) Jahandar Shah
d) Neither of the above
5. Which of the following statements are incorrect about the First Anglo-French War (1740-48)?
1. The First Carnatic War ended in 1748 when the Treaty of Aix-La Chapelle was signed bringing the Austrian War of Succession to a conclusion.
2. Under the terms of this treaty, Madras was handed back to the English, and the French, in turn, got their territories in North America.
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
ANSWER & EXPLANATION
1. Answer: D
Explanation: The early phase of nationalist movement from around 1870 to 1918 focused more on political propaganda and education, formation and propagation of nationalist ideology and arousing, training, mobilisation and consolidation of public opinion, than on mass agitation or active mobilisation of masses through open meetings. For this purpose the press proved a crucial tool in the hands of the nationalists.
Many newspapers emerged during these years under distinguished and fearless journalists.
The Hindu and Swadesamitran under G. Subramaniya Aiyar,
The Bengalee under Surendranath Banerjea,
Voice of India under Dadabhai Naoroji,
Amrita Bazar Patrika under Sisir Kumar Ghosh and Motilal Ghosh,
Indian Mirror under N.N. Sen,
Kesari (in Marathi) and Maharatta (in English) under Balgangadhar Tilak,
Sudharak under Gopal Krishna Gokhale,
Hindustan and Advocate under G.P. Verma.
2. Answer: A
Explanation: In 1883, Surendranath Banerjea became the first Indian journalist to be imprisoned.
In an angry editorial in The Bengalee Banerjea had criticised a judge of Calcutta High Court for being insensitive to the religious sentiments of Bengalis in one of his judgements.
3. Answer: A
Explanation: Meerut Conspiracy Case – March 1929 – 33 leftist trade union leaders were convicted for organizing an Indian Railway strike
The Second Lahore Conspiracy Case – May 1929 – Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru for the assassination of Saunders
INA Trials – November 1945 – Prem Kumar Sehgal, Shah Nawaz Khan, Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon
4. Answer: B
Explanation: Their important terms were—
● In Bengal, the Company’s imports and exports were exempted from additional customs duties excepting the annual payment of 3,000 rupees as settled earlier.
● The Company was permitted to issue dastaks (passes) for the transportation of such goods. The Company was permitted to rent more lands around Calcutta.
● In Hyderabad, the Company retained its existing privilege of freedom from duties in trade and had to pay the prevailing rent only for Madras.
● In Surat, for an annual payment of 10,000 rupees, the East India Company was exempted from the levy of all duties.
● It was decreed that the coins of the Company minted at Bombay were to have currency throughout the Mughal empire.
5. Answer: D
Explanation: The First Carnatic War was an extension of the Anglo-French War in Europe which was caused by the Austrian War of Succession.
Although France, conscious of its relatively weaker position in India, did not favour an extension of hostilities to India, the English navy under Barnet seized some French ships to provoke France.
France retaliated by seizing Madras in 1746 with the help of the fleet from Mauritius, the Isle of France, under Admiral La Bourdonnais, the French governor of Mauritius. Thus began the first Carnatic War.
The First Carnatic War ended in 1748 when the Treaty of Aix-La Chapelle was signed bringing the Austrian War of Succession to a conclusion.
Under the terms of this treaty, Madras was handed back to the English, and the French, in turn, got their territories in North America.