Q. The primary aim of the members of Constituent Assembly was fostering the goal of social revolution, and this was matched only by an interest in securing national unity and stability. Elucidate.
Background to the two
Body: How the Indian Constitution ensures the two?
Are they complementary to each other?
Conclusion: Need to maintain sanctity of both.
Granville Austin saw the Indian Constitution as a seamless web that entwined the strands of national unity and social justice. The document of Constitution became a way of converting political revolution into a social one.
Choosing the path of Parliamentary democracy, the members of the Constituent Assembly sought to fulfill maximum wants of especially the depressed sections of the society through minimum conflict. National unity and integrity were a prime concern given the background and immediate circumstances surrounding the Indian independence.
These concerns were depicted in the Preamble to the Constitution. The ideas of social and economic justice as well as ensuring equality of status and opportunity were geared towards fulfilling social revolution. Moreover, by incorporating affirmative action and abolition of discrimination and untouchability were meant to work towards this idea.
The ideas of unity and integrity need to be understood in harmony with the goals of socio-economic justice and equality which are a backbone to the social revolution envisaged by the members of the Assembly. The idea of unity is to be maintained not only in face of external threats but also fissures in the society such as caste, religion, class etc. Moreover, unity and integrity are goals that are achieved not merely territorially but also emotionally by the citizens of the country. The same is possible only by fostering social revolution.
Fundamental rights with reasonable restrains along with Directive Principles of State Policy showcase this balancing game well by Territorial and emotional unity requires fulfilling the two goals. The DPSPs mandate the creation of a unified, welfare, peace-loving state that caters to the needs of all sections of society. Balancing individual interests with common goals was made possible via Fundamental rights. A stable, unified nation offers impetus for development and more opportunities to its population leading to greater progress of the masses.
A polity without social justice is constantly threatened by burning resentment which spills over in form of movements for secession, Naxalism etc. Thus, the primary aim of social revolution was seen as both a cause and effect of national unity and stability by the Constitution makers, both of which they aimed to achieve.