ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY: GI TAG
➢ Kolhapuri chappal
➢ jointly received by Karnataka and Maharashtra
➢ A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on products which correspond to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country).
➢ The use of a geographical indication, as a type of indication of source, acts as a certification that the product possesses certain qualities, is made according to traditional methods, or enjoys a certain reputation, due to its geographical origin.
➢ Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement.
➢ India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15 September 2003.
➢ The Controller-General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks shall be the Registrar of Geographical Indications. ➢ The GI tag ensures that none other than those registered as authorised users (or at least those residing inside the geographic territory) are allowed to use the popular product name.
➢ Darjeeling tea became the first GI tagged product in India, in 2004-05, since then by October 2018, 321 had been added to the list.
➢ These are listed below:
➢ Operation Sunrise 2: India, Myanmar armies target Northeast-based militants
➢ The first phase of “Operation Sunrise” was conducted three months ago along the Indo-Myanmar border, during which a number of camps of north-east-based militant groups were busted.
➢ India – Myanmar
➢ Kaladan Multimodal Project OPERATION SANKALP:
➢ Indian Navy launched Operation Sankalp in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to reassure Indian flagged vessels transiting through the area following the recent maritime incidents in the region.
➢ The operation has been launched in the wake of escalating tension in the Gulf of Oman, where two oil tankers were attacked last week
➢ Indian Naval Ships, INS Chennai (Kolkata-class stealth guided missile destroyers) and INS Sunayna (Saryu-class patrol vessel) have been deployed in the region to undertake maritime security operations. In addition to this aerial surveillance is also being done in the area by IN aircraft.
➢ The Information Fusion Centre-Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR) of the Indian Navy is also keeping a close watch on the movement of ships in the Gulf region.
AFRICAN UNION (AU)
➢ India — $15 Million financial support Niger.
➢ African Union (AU) summit.
➢ The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa, with the exception of various territories of European possessions located in Africa.
➢ The AU was announced in the Sirte Declaration in Sirte, Libya on 9 September 1999, calling for the establishment of the African Union.
➢ The bloc was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and launched on 9 July 2002 in South Africa.
➢ The intention of the AU is to replace the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), established on 25 May 1963 in Addis.
➢ The primary languages spoken include Arabic, English, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Swahili and the languages of Africa.
➢ Within the African Union, there are official bodies such as the Peace and Security Council and the Pan-African Parliament.
➢ Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP)
➢ The Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP) is the first regional government-to-government agreement to promote and enhance cooperation against piracy and armed robbery against ships in Asia.
➢ The Agreement entered into force on 4 September 2006.
➢ To date, 20 States (14 Asian countries, 4 European countries, Australia, the USA) have become Contracting Parties to ReCAAP.
➢ The 20 Contracting Parties of the ReCAAP
AGRICULTURE KALESWARAM PROJECT
➢ Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project [KLIP] is a multi-purpose irrigation project on the Godavari River in Kaleshwaram, Bhoopalpally, Telangana, India.
➢ This is the world’s largest multi-stage lift irrigation project. Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project starts at the confluence point of Pranahita River and Godavari River i.e, at Kaleshwaram village in Telangana.
➢ The Kaleshwaram project will support Mission Kakatiya and Mission Bhagiratha schemes designed to provide drinking water to many villages and improve the capacities of tanks.
It is a flagship programme launched by the Government of Telangana which aims at rejuvenation of water tanks and other water storage structures to provide assistance and help to the small and marginal farmers of the state.
Marginal Farmer’ means a farmer cultivating (as owner or tenant or sharecropper) agricultural land up to 1 hectare (2.5 acres). …
‘Small Farmer’ means a farmer cultivating (as owner or tenant or sharecropper) agricultural land of more than 1 hectare and up to 2 hectares (5 acres)
➢ It is a project for safe drinking water for every village and city household in Telangana State. It aims is to provide piped water to 2.32 crore people in 20 lakh households in urban and 60 lakhs in rural areas of Telangana. The ambitious project will supply clean drinking water to all households in the state through water sourced from River Godavari and River Krishna.
CLIMATE CHANGE SMALL ISLAND DEVELOPING STATES
Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are a group of small island countries that tend to share similar sustainable development challenges, including small but growing populations, limited resources, remoteness, susceptibility to natural disasters, vulnerability to external shocks, excessive dependence on international trade, and fragile environments.
➢ The SIDS was first recognized as a distinct group of developing countries at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in June 1992.
➢ The Barbados Programme of Action was produced in 1994 to assist the SIDS in their sustainable development efforts.
Many small islands developing states (SIDS) may fail to achieve several Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 because of increasing population and climate change risks, according to the United Nation’s report on World Population Prospects 2019.
HUMAN GEOGRAPHY WORLD POPULATION PROJECTIONS 2019
➢ World Population Prospects 2019
➢ Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
➢ Through the end of the century (between 2019 and 2050) India (with an estimated population of 1.37 billion) is expected to remain the world’s most populous country, followed by China, Nigeria, the United States of America, and Pakistan.
➢ The global population is projected to increase by another 2 billion people by 2050.
➢ Aging of the world’s population will also spike due to increasing life expectancy and falling fertility levels. ➢ Aging will result in a decline in the proportion of the working age population that in turn will exert pressure on social security systems. Europe and North America will have a much higher number of an aging population.
➢ In countries like Bangladesh, Nepal and the Philippines out-migration plays a key in population change (outflow of migrant workers).
➢ In some instances, out-migration could also be caused by violence, lack of security or wars as in Myanmar, Syria, and Venezuela.
PHYSIOGRAPHY MOUNT EVEREST: WORLD’S HIGHEST WEATHER STATION
➢ The National Geographic Society (NGS), a US-based non-profit scientific and educational organizations announced the successful installation of the world’s highest operating weather stations on Mount Everest.
➢ This installation was part of National Geographic and Rolex’s Perpetual Planet Extreme Expedition to Everest…
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC AND ROLEX’S PERPETUAL PLANET EXTREME EXPEDITION TO EVEREST…
➢ It was a multipurpose scientific expedition held from April to June 2019.
➢ It was the most comprehensive single scientific expedition to the mountain in history.
➢ It included an International team of scientists, climbers, and story-tellers, led by researchers from the
National Geographic Society (NGS). INFRASTRUCTURE: NATIONAL FREIGHT INDEX: BY RIVIGO LOGISTICS…
➢ Rivigo, a Gurgaon-based tech-enabled logistics start-up has launched National Freight Index (NFI) that will provide live freight rates for different lanes and vehicles across the country.
➢ NFI offers a combined picture of both live rates and historical trends of spot price movements in India’s road freight industry.
➢ An index is represented in two main forms-
➢ In terms of actual freight rates condensed to Rupees per tonne-km ➢ In terms of relative movement with respect to a base month.
➢ Rates on both index and exchange are based on Rivigo’s economics powered pricing algorithms and machine learning.
KALADAN MULTIMODAL PROJECT:
The Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project is a US$484 million project connecting the eastern Indian seaport of Kolkata with Sittwe seaport in Rakhine State, Myanmar BY SEA. In Myanmar, it will then link Sittwe seaport to Paletwa in Chin State via the Kaladan RIVER BOAT ROUTE, and then from Paletwa BY ROAD to Mizoram state in Northeast India originally, the project was scheduled to be completed by 2014 but is expected to be operational only by 2019-2020
SUMMER SOLSTICE 2019 The
The solstice at midsummer, at the time of the longest day, about 21 June in the northern hemisphere and 22 December in the southern hemisphere. UNIQUE FLOOD HAZARD ATLAS: ODISHA
Odisha has come out with a unique flood hazard atlas aided by satellite imagery, which is expected to help the coastal state manage floods more efficiently. Base Period: Atlas is compiled on basis of historic flood inundation captured via satellite imagery over 18 years period from the year 2001 to 2018.