One Nation, One Grid
What is National Water Grid?
The National Water Grid is a large scale engineering proposal for the management of water resources in India by the interlinking of the Indian rivers through networks of reservoir and canals. The idea is to divert excess water from surplus regions to deficient regions to help improve irrigation, increase water for drinking and industrial use, and mitigate drought and floods to an extent.
Ken-Betwa, Damanganga-Pinjal and Par-Tapi-Narmada.
LONGEST ELECTRIFIED TUNNEL
South Central Railway (SCR)
JAL JEEVAN MISSION:
The Union Minister for Finance while presenting the budget announced Jal Jeevan Mission to ensure HarGharJal (piped water supply) to all rural households by 2024.
Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Jal Shakti Mantralaya.
This Mission will focus on integrated demand and supply side management of water at the local level, including creation of local infrastructure for source sustainability like rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture.
The Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes
Additional funds available under the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) for this purpose.
The Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (Orion MPCV) is an US-European spacecraft intended to carry a crew of four astronauts to destinations at or beyond low Earth orbit (LEO). Currently under development by the NASA and ESA for launch on the Space Launch System (SLS), Orion is intended to be the main crew vehicle of the Artemis lunar exploration program as well as potential crew flights to asteroids and Mars.
The Artemis program is an ongoing crewed spaceflight program carried out by NASA, U.S. commercial spaceflight companies, and international partners such as ESA, with the goal of landing the first woman and the next man on the lunar surface by 2024.
Launch Abort System (LAS):
It is designed to activate in the event of a rocket malfunction, on the pad or in flight.
In case of a launch-pad or in-flight failure, the abort tower rocket provides thrust, pulling the crew capsule away.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration‘s (NASA) Dragonfly mission, (which will be launched in 2026 and land in 2034) plans to fly a drone copter to Saturn‘s largest moon Titan in search of the building blocks of life. Dragonfly mission will study whether the moon of Saturn (Titan) could now be, or once was, home to life. It will investigate the Titan‘s atmospheric and surface properties and its subsurface ocean and liquid reservoirs and will also search for chemical evidence of past life.
Titan is the largest moon of Saturn and the second largest moon in our solar system.
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)
Launched in 2015.
It is an extended component of Soil Health Management (SHM) under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS), National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA).
PKVY aims at supporting and promoting organic farming, reduction in dependence on fertilizers and agricultural chemicals, in turn, resulting in improvement of the soil health while increasing the yields.
Funding pattern under the scheme is in the ratio of 60:40 by the Central and State Governments respectively. In case of North Eastern and the Himalayan States, Central Assistance is provided in the ratio of 90:10 (Centre: State) and for Union Territories, the assistance is 100%.
The objective is to produce agricultural products free from chemicals and pesticides residues by adopting eco- friendly, low- cost technologies.
Promote organic farming among rural youth/ farmers/ consumers/ traders.
Disseminate latest technologies in organic farming.
Utilize the services of experts from public agricultural research system in India.
Organize a minimum of one cluster demonstration in a village.
National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) :
Launched under NAPCC (National Action Plan for Climate Change) Started in 2010 Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) seeks to transform Indian agriculture into a climate resilient production system through suitable adaptation and mitigation measures in domains of both crops and animal husbandry.
Promotes location specific integrated/Composite Farming Systems; Conserve natural resources through appropriate soil and moisture conservation measures; Adopt comprehensive soil health management practices; Optimize utilization of water resources through efficient water management to expand coverage for achieving ‗more crop per drop; Develop capacity of farmers & stakeholder
NAPCC (National Action Plan for Climate Change)
Govt missions under National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)
1. National Solar Mission
2. National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency
3. National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
4. National Water Mission
5. National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem
6. National Mission for a Green India
7. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
8. National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change
KISAN CREDIT CARD SCHEME
The Kisan Credit Card Scheme aims at providing adequate and timely credit support from the banking system under a single window with flexible and simplified procedure to the farmers for short term crop loans.
In order to extend the operational flexibility to farmers engaged in Animal Husbandry and Fisheries the Government of India had announced their decision to extend the facilities of KCC to these farmers in the Budget 201819. implemented by the all Co-operative banks, Regional Rural Banks and Public Sector Banks
Who is eligible to get the benefits of the Kisan Credit Card (KCC) Scheme
1. The Small farmers
2. The Marginal farmers
3. Share croppers
4. Lessee and tenant farmers
5. The Self Help Groups (SHGs) or Joint Liability Groups (JLGs)
6. Latest Editions Kisan Credit Card is valid for 5 years subject to annual review and performance of the borrower.
Register of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN)..
The Register of Indigenous Inhabitants (RIN) of Nagaland is meant to be a master list of all indigenous inhabitants of the state and, according to the government, is aimed at preventing people from acquiring fake indigenous inhabitant certificates.
While the preparation of Assam‘s NRC is a Supreme Court-mandated process, the RIN in Nagaland is an initiative of the state government.
The RIIN list will be based on ―an extensive survey‖.
It will involve official records of indigenous residents from rural and (urban) wards and would be prepared under the supervision of the district administration.
Based on the adjudication and verification, a list of indigenous inhabitants will be finalised and each person will be given a unique ID.
All indigenous inhabitants of the state would be issued a barcoded and numbered Indigenous Inhabitant Certificate.
The process will be conducted across Nagaland and will be done as part of the online system of Inner Line Permit (ILP), which is already in force in Nagaland.
THE INNER LINE PERMIT
Inner Line Permit (ILP) is an official travel document issued by the Government of India to allow inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected area for a limited period.
It is obligatory for Indian citizens from outside those states to obtain a permit for entering into the protected state.
The document is an effort by the government to regulate movement to certain areas located near the international border of India.
This is an offshoot of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations, 1873, which protected Crown’s interest in the tea, oil and elephant trade by prohibiting “British subjects” from entering into these “Protected Areas” (to prevent them from establishing any commercial venture that could rival the Crown’s agents).
The word “British subjects” was replaced by Citizen of India in 1950. There are different kinds of ILP’s, one for tourists and others for people who intend to stay for long-term periods, often for employment purposes.
INDO-PACIFIC REGIONAL DIALOGUE
The idea of an Indo-Pacific Regional Dialogue (IPRD) was first conceptualized and conducted in 2018, as the apex level conference of the Indian Navy, organized by the National Maritime Foundation as the Navy‘s Knowledge Partner.
Through this annual dialogue, the Indian Navy and the National Maritime Foundation, aim to provide a platform for substantive and insightful discussions pertaining to the geopolitical developments affecting the maritime domain of the Indo-Pacific, and provide policy-relevant inputs to the policymakers and the public at large.
The permanent theme of this annual dialogue is a review of India‘s opportunities and challenges in the Indo-Pacific region.
IPRD – 2019 examine five themes: Practical solutions for achieving cohesion in the region through maritime connectivity
Measures to attain and maintain a free-and-open Indo-Pacific
A regional approach to the region‘s transition from a ‗Brown‘ to a ‗Blue‘ economy
Opportunities and challenges arising from the maritime impact of ‗Industry 4.0‘. Industry 4.0 refers to a new phase in the Industrial Revolution that focuses heavily on interconnectivity, automation, machine learning, and real-time data.
How the twin conceptualizations of ‗SAGAR‘ and ‗SAGARMALA‘ might best be made mutually-reinforcing on a regional level