1. NAVIC is India’s own GPS system. Which of the following is/are true in context with indigenous Navigation systems of other countries?
1) Russia : Galileo
2) USA: GPS
3) China: GLONASS
4) EU : BeiDou Navigation Satellite System
a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) 1, 2 and 4
d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
a) Russia: Global Navigation Satellite System
b) USA: Global Positioning System
c) China: Beidou Navigation Satellite System
d) European Union: Galileo
2. From our test series Consider the following statements:
1. Under Price Deficiency Payment (PDP system), farmers will be compensated for difference between the MSPs and the Procurement Price.
2. Price deficiency system will be introduced for targeted crops only.
Which of the following statements is/are incorrect?
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 and 2
A new idea has been mooted out by the Niti Aayog called, ―Price Deficiency Payment‖ in order to support the farmers in the event when the market price falls below Minimum Support Price (MSP).
This system aims to provide a part (for example 70 %) of the difference between the MSP and the market price to the farmers.
Under Price Deficiency Payment, proposal has been made to compensate for the difference between the government-announced Minimum Support Price and the actual market price for selected crops.
For crops such as rice and wheat where it is effective currently, MSP announcements will continue.
For other targeted crops, price deficiency payments will be made.
However, it has to be noted that there may be a cap on the extent to which the Centre will bridge the gap between MSP and market price.
3. Which of the following is true about ILO?
1) The ILO was created in 1945, to reflect the belief that universal and lasting peace can be accomplished only if it is based on social justice.
2) It is yet to become a specialized agency of U.N.
a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None of the above
The International Labour Organization deals with labour problems, particularly international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
The International Labour Organisation (ILO) is a specialised agency of the United Nations (UN).
The ILO was established as an agency of the League of Nations following World War I
The ILO was created in 1919, as part of the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I, to reflect the belief that universal and lasting peace can be accomplished only if it is based on social justice.
The ILO became the first specialised agency of the UN in 1946.
The International Labour Organization has published India Wage Report.
Details of the report Stronger implementation of minimum wage laws and boosting frameworks for collective bargaining are needed. Real average daily wages in India almost doubled in the first two decades after economic reforms, but low pay and wage inequality remains a serious challenge to inclusive growth.
India’s labour share — or the proportion of national income which goes into labour compensation, as opposed to capital or landowners — has declined.
The rise in average wages was more rapid in rural areas, and for casual workers.
The gender wage gap decreased from 48% in 1993-94 to 34% in 2011-12, but still remains high by international standards. The ILO also highlighted the lack of timely data as a hindrance, pointing out that its analysis — and the decisions of Indian policy makers — was dependent on 2011-12 data from the Employment and Unemployment Survey (EUS) of the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO)
4. Which of the following are true in context with SHe-Box:
a) It is an affordable sanitary napkin launched to ensure ‘Swachhta, Swasthya and Suvidha’ for the underprivileged Women of India.
b) Providing partial compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentive s so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery of the first living child.
c) The Ministry of Women and Child Development has provided a facility to all working women to file complaints under the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act, 2013 with it.
d) To motivate parents to open an account in the name of a girl child and for her welfare to deposit maximum of their savings upto the prescribed limits.
SHe-Box This Sexual Harassment electronic Box (SHe-Box) is an effort of GoI to provide a single window access to every woman Irrespective of her work status Whether working in organised or unorganized Private or public sector To facilitate the registration of complaint related to sexual harassment. Any woman facing sexual harassment at workplace can register their complaint through this portal. Once a complaint is submitted to the ‘SHe-Box’, it will be directly sent to the concerned authority having jurisdiction to take action into the matter.
SUVIDHA It is an affordable sanitary napkin launched to ensure ‘Swachhta, Swasthya and Suvidha’ for the underprivileged Women of India. It has been manufactured by Bureau of Pharma Public Sector Undertaking of India. The Sanitary Pad is 100% biodegradable as a special additive has been added which makes it biodegradable when reacted with Oxygen after use. It has been launched on World Women’s Day and is currently available at 3200 Janaushudhi Kendras.
PRADHAN MANTRI MATRU VANDANA YOJANA
Providing partial compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentives so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery of the first living child.
The cash incentive provided would lead to improved health seeking behaviour amongst the Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW& LM).
SUKANYA SAMRUDDHI YOJANA To motivate parents to open an account in the name of a girl child and for her welfare to deposit maximum of their savings upto the prescribed limits.
5. Previous UPSC Ques.
Consider the following with respect to ‘EDGE’ species.
1. These species have few close relatives and are often extremely distinct in the way they look, live and behave. 2. These unique species are also on the verge of extinction, and if they disappear there will be nothing like them left on the planet. Select the incorrect option.
(a) Only 1
(b) Only 2