1. Which of the following is true about ICESat- 2?
a) It is first environmental research satellite launched by Israel, which is built jointly by Israel and France b)It is the first-ever mission that will deflect a near-Earth asteroid to protect the planet
c)It is a part of NASA’s Earth Observing System for measuring ice sheet elevation and sea ice freeboard, as well as land topography and vegetation characteristics.
d)It is the only mission ever to orbit two extraterrestrial targets – giant asteroid Vesta and the dwarf planet Ceres
ICESat-2 (Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite 2) Part of NASA’s Earth Observing System A planned satellite mission for measuring ice sheet elevation and sea ice freeboard, as well as land topography and vegetation characteristics. ICESat-2 is a planned follow-on to the ICESat mission. It will be launched on 15 September 2018 from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, into a near-circular, near-polar orbit with an altitude of approximately 496 km. It is being designed to operate for three years and will carry enough propellant for seven years.
➢The ICESat-2 mission is designed to provide elevation data needed to determine ice sheet mass balance as well as vegetation canopy information. It will provide topography measurements of cities, lakes and reservoirs, oceans and land surfaces around the globe, in addition to the polar-specific coverage
ICESat-2 has four science objectives:
➢Quantify polar ice-sheet contributions to current and recent sea-level change and the linkages to climate conditions;
➢Quantify regional signatures of ice-sheet changes to assess mechanisms driving those change and improve predictive ice sheet models; this includes quantifying the regional evolution of ice sheet change, such as how changes at outlet glacier termini propagate inward;
➢Estimate sea-ice thickness to examine ice/ocean/atmosphere exchanges of energy, mass and moisture;
➢Measure vegetation canopy height as a basis for estimating large-scale biomass and biomass change.
➢Israel has launched its first environmental research satellite, Venus satellite which is built jointly by Israel and France.
AIDA (Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment) Mission
➢It is the first-ever mission that will deflect a near-Earth asteroid to protect the planet
➢ It is an international collaboration among the European Space Agency (ESA), NASA and others. HAMMER
➢NASA has also designed a spacecraft named Hammer (Hypervelocity Asteroid Mitigation Mission for Emergency Response), which could deflect a asteroids, if it happens to hit Earth.
➢Only mission ever to orbit two extraterrestrial targets – giant asteroid Vesta and the dwarf planet Ceres
2. World’s first blockchain bond have been released by :
The World Bank has priced the world’s first public bond created and managed using only blockchain in a A$100 million ($73.16 million) deal designed to test how the technology might improve decades-old bond sales practices.
Commonwealth Bank of Australia, the sole manager of the deal, said in a statement that the two-year bonds had priced to yield 2.251 per cent and would settle Aug. 28.
The prototype deal, dubbed a “Bondi” bond – standing for Blockchain Operated New Debt Instrument as well as a reference to Australia’s most famous beach – is being viewed as an initial step in moving bond sales away from manual processes towards faster and cheaper automation.
3. From our test series
The term Qualified Institutional Placement (QIP) is sometimes seen in the news with reference to :
a) It is method of Private placement in qualified institutions.
b) It is capital-raising tool wherein a listed company can issue equity shares.
c) A fund offers the security of a fund and liquidity of stock.
d) Certifying the skills acquired by the trainees under the National Skill Development Programme.
Qualified institutional placement (QIP) is a capital-raising tool, primarily used in India and other parts of southern Asia, whereby a listed company can issue equity shares, fully and partly convertible debentures, or any securities other than warrants which are convertible to equity shares to a qualified institutional buyer (QIB).
4. Consider the following statements about RIMES (Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early warning system for Africa and Asia) :
1) It is a non-government institution for generation and application of early warning information
2) It was established in 2009, after Indian ocean tsunami.
3) It is yet to be registered for UN. Which of the above is correct:
a) Only 1
b) Only 1 and 2
c) Only 2
d) All of the above
The RIMES is an intergovernmental body registered under United Nations.
It is owned and managed by 45 collaborating countries in Asia Pacific and Africa Region.
It was established in 2009, following the efforts started after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami and was registered with UN in July 2009.
It seeks to establish regional early warning system within multi-hazard framework for generation and communication of early warning information and capacity building for preparedness and response to trans-boundary hazards.
It provides information related to Tsunami and extreme weather conditions.
It also acts as a test bed for emerging technologies and help to enhance performance….
5. Which of the following is false about Chilka Lake?
1) It is the largest Brackish water lagoon in India.
2) It is the second largest coastal lagoon in the world.
3) It was designated as the first Indian Wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
4) It is a part of Montreux Record
1) Only 1
2) Only 1, 2 and 3