1. Which of the following characterizes/ characterize the people of Indus Civilization?
1. They possessed great palaces and temples.
2. They worshipped both male and female deities.
3. They employed horse-drawn chariots in warfare.
Select the correct statement/ statements using the codes given below.
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 1, 2 and 3
(d) None of the statements given above is correct
2. Which of the following is true about Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill (FEOB) ,2018?
1) It extends not only to loan defaulters and fraudsters, but also to individuals who violate laws governing taxes, black money, benami properties and financial corruption.
2) The Enforcement Directorate will be the apex agency to implement the law.
a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None of the above
Highlights of the Bill The Bill allows for a person to be declared as a fugitive economic offender (FEO) if:
(i) an arrest warrant has been issued against him for any specified offences where the value involved is over Rs 100 crore, and
(ii) he has left the country and refuses to return to face prosecution. To declare a person an FEO, an application will be filed in a Special Court (designated under the Prevention of Money- Laundering Act, 2002) containing details of the properties to be confiscated, and any information about the person’s whereabouts. The Special Court will require the person to appear at a specified place at least six weeks from issue of notice. Proceedings will be terminated if the person appears. The Bill allows authorities to provisionally attach properties of an accused, while the application is pending before the Special Court. Upon declaration as an FEO, properties of a person may be confiscated and vested in the central government, free of encumbrances (rights and claims in the property). Further, the FEO or any company associated with him may be barred from filing or defending civil claims.
Key Issues and Analysis Under the Bill, any court or tribunal may bar an FEO or an associated company from filing or defending civil claims before it. Barring these persons from filing or defending civil claims may violate Article 21 of the Constitution i.e. the right to life. Article 21 has been interpreted to include the right to access justice.
Under the Bill, an FEO’s property may be confiscated and vested in the central government. The Bill allows the Special Court to exempt properties where certain persons may have an interest in such property (e.g., secured creditors). However, it does not specify whether the central government will share sale proceeds with any other claimants who do not have such an interest (e.g., unsecured creditors). The Bill does not require the authorities to obtain a search warrant or ensure the presence of witnesses before a search. This differs from other laws, such as the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), 1973, which contain such safeguards. These safeguards protect against harassment and planting of evidence. The Bill provides for confiscation of property upon a person being declared an FEO. This differs from other laws, such as CrPC, 1973, where confiscation is final two years after proclamation as absconder.
3. Which of the following is true about Nilgiri tahr?
1) Listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and as Critically Endangered on IUCN Red List.
2) It is state animal of Karnataka.
a) Only 1
b) Only 2
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None of the above
➢The Nilgiri tahr inhabits the open montane grassland habitats at elevations from 1200 to 2600 m (generally above 2000 m) of the South Western Ghats.
➢Their range extends over 400 km from north to south, and Eravikulam National Park is home to the largest population.
➢Listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and as Endangered on IUCN Red List.
➢Adult males develop a light grey area or “saddle” on their backs and are hence called “saddlebacks”.
➢It is state animal of Tamil Nadu..
4. ‘Which of the following statements are true in the context of Kalighat paintings?
1) Kalighat paintings are said to have originated in the vicinity of the iconic Kalighat Kali Temple in Kolkata.
2) The predominant themes shone a spotlight on religious figures and scenes from sacred texts.
3) The alternate themes depicted ordinary people engaging in everyday life.
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 2 and 3 only
c) 1 and 3 only
d) All of the above
➢Kalighat paintings are said to have originated in the vicinity of the iconic Kalighat Kali Temple in Kolkata. At this time, the works were sold to visitors who sought souvenirs to take with them from the religious sanctuary. The art almost always depicted Hindu gods and mythological characters, or incidents, themes, and characters from everyday life.
➢In what was dubbed the “Oriental school” of Kalighat painting, predominant themes shone a spotlight on religious figures and scenes from sacred texts, from goddesses Durga and Lakshmi, to the characters of Rama and Sita in the ancient epic poem of Ramayana.
➢The alternate discipline of Kalighat painting, known as the “Occidental school,” included pieces that depicted ordinary people engaging in everyday life or captured the changes taking place in Kolkata at the time.
5. ‘’ Which of the following is associated with SAMADHAN doctrine?
a) Kerala Floods
b) Naxal Violence
c) Poverty in India
d) Electoral reforms in India
➢‘SAMADHAN’ DOCTRINE FOR NAXAL VIOLENCE
➢In answer to Naxal problem, Ministry of Home Affairs launched Operation SAMADHAN;
➢Operation Samadhan involves Smart leadership, Aggressive strategy, Motivation and Training, Actionable intelligence, Dashbord based key performance indicators, Harnessing technology and No access to funds to LWE groups.