SILK SAMAGRA SCHEME
The scheme is being implemented by the Central Silk Board (CSB).=
It focuses on improving the quality and productivity of domestic silk thereby reducing the country’s dependence on imported silk.
It comprises the following four components:
• Research & Development, Training, Transfer of Technology and I.T. Initiatives
• Seed Organizations
• Coordination and Market Development, and
• Quality Certification Systems (QCS)/Export Brand Promotion and Technology Up-gradation.
The Central Silk Board
It is a statutory body established in the year 1948 by an Act of Parliament.
It is working under the administrative control of Ministry of Textiles, Government of India.
Its headquarter is located in Bangalore.
It is mandated with:
• Promoting the development of Silk Industry by such measures as it thinks fit.
• Undertaking ,assisting or encouraging scientific, technological and economic research.
• Advising the Central Government on all matters relating to the development of silk industry including import and export of raw silk.
• Preparing and furnishing such other reports relating to the silk industry as may be required by the Central Government from time to time.
UDAN is a regional connectivity scheme spearheaded by the Government of India(GoI).
The full form of UDAN is ‘Ude Desh ka Aam Nagarik’ and aims to develop smaller regional airports to allow common citizens easier access to aviation services.
The scheme UDAN envisages providing connectivity to un-served and under-served airports of the country through revival of existing airstrips and airports. UDAN has a unique market-based model to develop regional connectivity. Interested airline and helicopter operators can start operations on hitherto un-connected routes by submitting proposals to the Implementing Agency. The operators could seek a Viability Gap Funding (VGF) apart from getting various concessions.
All such route proposals would then be offered for competitive bidding through a reverse bidding mechanism and the route would be awarded to the participant quoting the lowest VGF per Seat. The successful bidder would then have exclusive rights to operate the route for a period of three years. Since the scheme also capped the price of half the inventory of seats, airfares would remain affordable. A Regional Connectivity Fund would also be created to meet the viability gap funding requirements under the scheme. Additionally, there would be certain tax concessions in ATF fuel from both the Centre and the states and waivers of landing charges from airport operators. Thus, the UDAN scheme is likely to a give a major fillip to tourism and employment generation in the hinterland.
RESOURCES: DEEP OCEAN MISSION:
For this mission, Centre has drawn up a five-year, Rs. 8,000 crore plan to explore deep recesses of the ocean.
The focus of DOM is on deep-sea mining, ocean climate change advisory services, underwater vehicles and underwater robotics related technologies.
Two key projects planned under it include desalination plant powered by tidal energy and submersible vehicle .
The ‘Deep Ocean Mission’ plan will enable India to develop capabilities to exploit resources in the Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB).
Chandrayaan 2 is an Indian lunar mission that will boldly go where no country has ever gone before — the Moon’s south polar region.
The lunar South Pole is especially interesting because of the lunar surface area here that remains in shadow is much larger than that at the North Pole. There is a possibility of the presence of water in permanently shadowed areas around it. In addition, South Pole region has craters that are cold traps and contain a fossil record of the early Solar System.
Chandrayaan-2 will attempt to soft land the lander -Vikram and rover- Pragyan in a high plain between two craters, Manzinus C and Simpelius N, at a latitude of about 70° south.
1st space mission to conduct a soft landing on the Moon’s south polar region
1st Indian expedition to attempt a soft landing on the lunar surface with home-grown technology
1st Indian mission to explore the lunar terrain with home-grown technology
4th country ever to soft land on the lunar surface
Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark-III (GSLV Mk-III)
The GSLV Mk-III will carry Chandrayaan 2 to its designated orbit. This threestage vehicle is India’s most powerful launcher to date, and is capable of launching 4-ton class of satellites to the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).
What is the difference between an orbiter and a lander?
An orbiter performs its mission while remaining in orbit of a body.
A lander touches down on the body in question and is perhaps able to take off and achieve orbit again but otherwise does not move about.
A rover is capable of moving around under its own power after it has landed
At the time of launch, the Chandrayaan 2 Orbiter will be capable of communicating with Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) at Byalalu as well as the Vikram Lander.
The mission life of the Orbiter is one year and it will be placed in a 100X100 km lunar polar orbit.
Lander — Vikram
The Lander of Chandrayaan 2 is named Vikram after Dr Vikram A Sarabhai, the Father of the Indian Space Programme. It is designed to function for one lunar day, which is equivalent to about 14 Earth days. Vikram has the capability to communicate with IDSN at Byalalu near Bangalore, as well as with the Orbiter and Rover. The Lander is designed to execute a soft landing on the lunar surface.
Rover — Pragyan
Chandrayaan 2’s Rover is a 6-wheeled robotic vehicle named Pragyan, which translates to ‘wisdom’ in Sanskrit. It can travel up to 500 m (½-a-km) and leverages solar energy for its functioning. It can only communicate with the Lander.
GRID CONNECTED ROOFTOP SOLAR PROGRAMME
It is one of a series of World Bank’s engagements in India’s solar sector and is an important means for Ministry of New and Renewable Energy to implement its scheme to install 10GW of grid connected rooftop solar power on an accelerated basis.
The program has two components
• Commercial Lending for GRPV
• Institutional support and Technical Assistance
Objective of the Programme
To promote the grid connected SPV rooftop and small SPV power generating plants among the residential, community, institutional, industrial and commercial establishments.
To mitigate the dependence on fossil fuel based electricity generation and encourage environment friendly Solar electricity generation.
To create enabling environment for investment in solar energy sector by private sector, state government and the individuals.
To create enabling environment for supply of solar power from rooftop and small plants to the grid.
To encourage innovation in addressing market needs and promoting sustainable business models and ensures employment opportunities.
To provide support to channel partners and potential beneficiaries, within the framework of boundary conditions and in a flexible demand driven mode.
To create a paradigm shift needed for commoditization of grid connected SPV rooftop applications.
To support consultancy services, seminars, symposia, capacity building, awareness campaigns, human resource development, etc.
To encourage replacement of diesel, wherever possible.
PRADHAN MANTRI FASAL BIMA YOJANA (PMFBY)
PMFBY, launched in 2016, is designed to reduce the burden of crop insurance on farmers.
It replaced the National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) and Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS).
PMFBY fixes a uniform premium of 2 per cent of the value of sum insured to be paid by farmers for all kharif crops.
1.5 per cent of sum insured for all rabi crops, 5 per cent of sum insured for annual commercial and horticultural crops or actuarial rate, whichever is less.
The balance premium will be paid by the government to provide the complete insured amount to farmers against crop loss on account of natural calamities.
The subsidy is divided equally between the state and Central government.
There is no upper limit on government subsidy for actuarial premium.
There will be one insurance company for the entire state.
The scheme also provides for coverage of post-harvest losses.
The scheme will also cover localised crop losses like hailstones.
The use of technology like smart phones will be used to capture and upload data of crop cutting to reduce the delays in claim payment to farmers.
Remote sensing will be used to reduce the number of crop cutting experiments.
The scheme covers loanee farmers (those who have availed of institutional loans through Kisan Credit Cards etc.), non-loanee farmers (those who avail of insurance cover on a voluntary basis), sharecroppers and tenant farmers (those who farm on rented land).
PMFBY is compulsory for loanee farmers.
RASHTRIYA GOKUL MISSION
Government has sanctioned funds under Rashtriya Gokul Mission for setting up of 21 Gokul Grams as Integrated Cattle Development Centres.
As of now, 4 Gokul grams (Varanasi, Mathura, Patiala, and Phora) have been completed and work is under progress in remaining 17 Gokul grams. Rashtriya Gokul Mission comprises of two components namely:
The national program for bovine breeding and National mission for bovine productivity
Underlying objectives of the Mission:
Development and conservation of indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner.
Undertake breed improvement program for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock.
Enhance milk production and productivity.
Distribute disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.
Significant initiatives under Rashtriya Gokul Mission:
Awards for encouraging farmers/breeder societies to rear Indigenous breeds of bovines:
Gopal Ratna awards: for farmers maintaining the best herd of Indigenous Breed and practicing best management practices.
Kamdhenu awards: for best managed Indigenous herd by Institutions/Trusts/ NGOs/ Gaushalas or best-managed Breeders’ societies.
Gokul Gram: The Rashtriya Gokul Mission envisages the establishment of integrated cattle development centers, ‘Gokul Grams’ to develop indigenous breeds including up to 40% nondescript breeds (belonging or appearing to belong to no particular class or kind) with objectives to:
Promote indigenous cattle rearing and conservation in a scientific manner.
Propagate high genetic merit bulls of indigenous breeds.
Optimize modern Farm Management practices and promote Common Resource Management.
Utilize animal waste in an economical way i.e. Cow Dung, Cow Urine
National Kamdhenu Breeding Centre: (NKBC) is being established as a Centre of Excellence to develop and conserve Indigenous Breeds in a holistic and scientific manner.
“E-Pashu Haat”- Nakul Prajnan Bazaar: An e-market portal connecting breeders and farmers, for quality- disease-free bovine germplasm.
Pashu Sanjivni: An animal wellness program encompassing the provision of animal health cards (‘Nakul Swasthya Patra’) along with UID identification and uploading data on National DataBase.
Advanced Reproductive Technology: Including Assisted Reproductive Technique- In-vitro Fertilization (IVF)/ Multiple Ovulation Embryo Transfer (MOET) and sex-sorted semen technique to improve the availability of disease-free female bovines.
National Bovine Genomic Center for Indigenous Breeds (NBGC-IB) will be established for selection of breeding bulls of high genetic merit at a young age using highly precise gene-based technology.
Rashtriya Gokul Mission will be implemented through the “State Implementing Agency (SIA viz Livestock Development Boards). State Gauseva Ayogs will be given the mandate to sponsor proposals to the SIA’s (LDB’s) and monitor implementation of the sponsored proposal.
VAN DHAN YOJANA
Ministry/Department : Ministry of Tribal Affairs
Aims at economic development of tribals involved in collection of Minor Food Produces (MFPs) by helping them in optimum utilization of natural resources and provide them sustainable livelihood. Scheme:
Under it, 10 Self Help Groups (SHGs) of 30 Tribal gatherers will be constituted.
The SHGs will then be trained and provided with working capital to add value to products they collect from forest.
They will be able to market their products, by working under leadership of collector, not only within states but also outside states.
TRIFED will provide all required training and technical support to SHGs. They will be trained on sustainable harvesting, collection, primary processing and value addition. They will be formed into clusters to aggregate their stock in tradable quantity and link them with facility of primary processing in Van Dhan Vikas Kendra.
Van Dhan Vikas Kendra will be established under scheme which will provide skill upgradation and capacity building training and setting up of primary processing and value addition facility.
The central and state governments will provide necessary support by creating infrastructure and providing enabling environment for undertaking value addition of systematic scientific lines.