• Losar is characterized especially by dancing, music, and a general spirit of merrymaking.
• The celebrations are an amalgamation of ancient rituals, staged dance dramas, the dance of the Ibex deer and lots of music, dance, and revelry for the people.
• Houses are decorated with good-luck signs.
• Prayer flags are hoisted in important religious places to welcome the New Year.
• The auspicious images of the Ibex deer and other symbols are made on the door, walls of the kitchen and wooden columns to welcome the New Year.
• Losar is marked with ancient ceremonies that represent the struggle between good and evil.
• Metho Ceremony – where hundreds of people carrying flaming torches and chanting prayers parade through the streets to chase away evil spirits and hungry ghosts.
The Gumpa dance is a special dance celebrated around the time of Losar, the Tibetan New Year.
• Located on the Vidyagiri hills at the Jain pilgrimage site of Shravanabelagola near Bangalore
• It is a 57-feet monolithic statue of the Jain God Bahubali or Gomateshwara Every 12 years, this piece of Jain craftsmanship is visited by thousands of pilgrims from around the world for a ceremony known as the Mahamastakabhisheka, or the anointing of the statue in the presence of Jain acharyas.
• The Gomateshwara at Shravanabelagola was built in 983 CE. It is known to have been commissioned by the ruler and minister of the Ganga dynasty, zChamunda-Raya.
• In any case, a large number of inscriptions at the site give references to Chamunda-Raya being the one who brought to the public notice the Gomateshwara statue and also arranged for its anointment.
• Chamunda-Raya did not just install the Gomateshwara statue at Shravanabelagola but also performed the great ceremony of consecration of the image on March 13, in 981 CE.
• The event was carried out in the precise manners prescribed in the Jain scriptures and in the scale and grandeur befitting the enormity of the image.
• Bahubali (One With Strong Arms), a much-revered figure among of Rishabhanatha, the first rthankara of Jainism
• Jain mythology holds up Bahubali as the one who succeeded in attaining liberty from worldly desires through a long period of sustained meditation. During this time, climbing plants grew around his legs.
• After his period of meditation, Bahubali is said to have attained omniscience ( complete understanding or supreme wisdom)
• Kevala jnana is believed to be an intrinsic quality of all souls. This quality is masked by karmic particles that surround the soul. Every soul has the potential to obtain omniscience by shedding off these karmic particles.
• The story of Bahubali, though varied in detail, is that of a ruler who won against his brother and was filled with grief over his actions and therefore abandoned his possessions and kingdom in search of omniscience.
• The Jain poet Bopanna wrote of him as the one who “gave back the whole earth though he had completely conquered it”.
• His story is narrated in Sanskrit texts like the Adi Purana and the Bahubali Kannada literary texts and poems.
• Khajuraho Temples
• It is a group of Hindu and Jain Temples in Madhya Pradesh build by CE.
• They are UNESCO World Heritage Site.
• The temples are famous for their nagara-style architectural symbolism
• The temples at Khajuraho are all made of Sandstone.
• Historical records note that the Khajuraho temple site had 85 temples by the 12th century. Of these, only about 25 temples have survived.
• Of the surviving temples, the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple intricate details, symbolism and expressiveness of ancient Indian art.
• Its the largest temple at Khajuraho and is attributed to
• All the towers or shikhara of temple rise high, upward in a curved pyramidal fashion, emphasizing temple’s vertical thrust ending in horizontal fluted disc called Amalaka topped with Kalasha or vase.
• Khajuraho is one of the four holy sites linked to the deity Chandela Dynasty between 950 and 1050 and their erotic sculptures.
• The temple site is within the Vindhya mountain range in central India.
• The temples are clustered near water, a typical feature of Hindu temples.
• All temples, except one (Chaturbhuja), face sunrise – another symbolic feature that is predominant in Hindu temples.
• Of the surviving temples, six are dedicated to Shiva and his consorts Ganesha, one to Sun god, three to Jain Tirthankars.
• The territory is laid out in three triangles that converge to form a pentagon
• The temples have a rich display of intricately carved statues. While they are famous for their erotic sculpture, sexual themes cover less than 10% of the temple sculpture.
• The arts cover numerous aspects of human life and values considered important in the Hindu pantheon.
• Khajuraho Dance Festival is an annual cultural festival that highlights the richness of various Indian classical dance styles.
• The 6-day festival showcased classical dances including Kathak, Odissi, Bharatnatyam, Kuchipudi, Kathakali and Mohiniattam.