1.Consider the following statements regarding PRAKASH Portal
1.It has been developed by NTPC.
2.It has been accessible to the general public.
Which of the following statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
2.Consider the following statements regarding Indian Himalayas
1.They constitute about 12% of the country’s landmass.
2.It is divided into two bio-geographic zones.
3.The Indian Himalayas have 131 protected areas, which cover 9.6% of the entire protected area of the country, more than the Western Ghats, another biodiversity hotspot in the country.
a) 1 and 2 only
b) 1 only
c) 2 and 3 only
d) 3 only
3.Consider the following species of birds
3.Indian Spotted eagle
4.Black Necked crane
Which of the above have been caategorised as “Vulnerable” by the IUCN Red Book?
a) 1 and 2 Only
b) 2 and 3 Only
c) 1 and 3 Only
d) 3 and 4 Only
4.Consider the following statements regarding Indian Sunderbans
1.It comprises of more than 50% of the mangrove cover in the country according to a 2017 Forest Survey of India report.
2.It is the largest protected wetland in the country.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) None of the above
5. Mahakalapada forest which is considered to have the most biodiverse mangrove vegetation in the world, second only to Papua New Guinea is located in
a) Pichavaram Mangroves
b) Sunderbans National Park
c) Bhitarkanika National Park
d) None of the above is correct
PRAKASH stands for Power Rail Koyla Availability through Supply Harmony.
The portal aims at bringing better coordination for coal supplies among all stakeholders namely Ministry of Power, Ministry of Coal, Coal India, Railways and power utilities.
The portal is developed by NTPC and sources data from different stakeholders such as Central Electricity Authority (CEA), Centre for Railway Information System(CRIS) and coal companies.
This portal will play an important role in ensuring adequate availability and optimum utilization of coal at thermal power plants.
The portal, unlike the power ministry’s other recently launched websites, is not accessible to general public.
The Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) is spreading on 10 states (administrative regions) namely, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, and hill regions of 2 states viz. Assam and West Bengal of Indian Republic.
Indian Himalayas are divided into two bio-geographic zones — the Trans-Himalaya and the Himalaya, based on physiographic, climatic and eco-biological attributes.
The Indian Himalayas also have 131 protected areas, which cover 9.6% of the entire protected area of the country, almost the same as the Western Ghats (10% of protected areas), another biodiversity hotspot in the country.
The central Himalayas are the richest in faunal diversity with 14,183 species, followed by the west Himalayas, which is home to 12,022 species.
Critically endangered Birds – White-Bellied Heron and Siberian crane
Vulnerable species – Black necked crane and the Indian Spotted eagle
The Indian Sunderbans, with 2,114 sq. km. of mangrove forests, comprise almost 43% of the mangrove cover in the country according to a 2017 Forest Survey of India report.
Other than the forests, home to about 100 Royal Bengal tigers, the creeks and river systems of the Sunderbans are also part of the reserve forest and designated a Ramsar site status, it is the largest protected wetland in the country.
The Mahakalapada forest is part of Bhitarkanika National Park, which is considered to have the most biodiverse mangrove vegetation in the world, second only to Papua New Guinea, with 64 species of flora recorded.
It happens to be India’s second largest mangrove forest after the Sundarbans.