Q. Write a note on the Amravati School of Art.
Amravati sculpture flourished in the Andhra region from about the 2nd century BCE to the end of the 3rd century CE, during the rule of the Satavahanas, and later Ikshvaku, dynasties.
It is known for its superb reliefs, which are among the world’s finest examples of narrative sculpture.
The doctrine changes in Buddhism well as the rise and fall of dynasties influenced and are captured in the evolution of the Amravati School of Art.
Amravati, Nāgārjunīkoṇḍa, Jaggayyapeta and Goli in Andhra are prominent sites.
- The material used in Amravati stupas is a distinctive white marble
- The themes were Buddha’s life and Jataka’s tales.
- Sculptural form in Amravati Art is characterised by intense emotions as the figures are slim, have a lot of movement, bodies are shown with three bents (i.e. tribhanga)
- Both religious and secular images were present in this style.
- It is a sensuous art, reflecting the joys of the people who had adopted the way of the Buddha as the new path of freedom and not of estrangement from the world.
The Amaravati Stupa has a pradakshina patha enclosed within a vedika on which many narrative stories from the life of Buddha and bodhisattva dominating such episodes relating to the Birth, the miracles, Enlightenment and the victory over Mara, Sundari, Nanda, Tushita heaven and Angulimala are depicted.