INDIA’S FIRST E-WASTE CLINIC TO BE SET UP IN BHOPAL
The Bhopal Municipal Corporation (BMC) and the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) have joined hands to set up the country’s first e-waste clinic in Bhopal, which would enable segregation, processing and disposal of waste from both household and commercial units.
It will be a three-month pilot project and if successful, would be replicated elsewhere in the country.
Electronic waste will be collected door-to-door or could be deposited directly at the clinic in exchange for a fee.
The CPCB will provide technical support at the unit
Door-to-door collection will happen in two ways.
Either separate carts for the collection of e-waste will be designed, or separate bins will be attached to existing ones meant for solid and wet waste.
The clinic is being conceived in compliance with the Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016.
In the absence of a safe disposal mechanism, electronic waste at present is being disposed of along with other waste.
INDIA TO WORK WITH CHINA, PAKISTAN TO GAUGE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE
To better gauge the impact of climate change on the Hindu Kush Mountains, which includes the Himalayas, and spruce up data-gathering, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) will collaborate with meteorological agencies in China and Pakistan, among others, to provide climate forecast services to countries in the region.
The Hindu-Kush-Himalayan (HKH) region is considered the Third Pole [after the North and South Poles], and has significant implications for climate.
However, data-gathering here is sparse.
A system needs to be developed whereby countries can share data and improve forecasts and predictions.
Alongside forecasting weather over long periods, the regional centres would provide data services, training and capacity-building, research and development.
The HKH region spans Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
It traverses about 5 million square kilometres and hosts a large and culturally diverse population.
The Third Pole, which contains vast cryospheric zones, is also the world’s largest store of snow and ice outside the polar region.
A report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change last month highlighted the threat to the HKH region from global warming.
Floods would become more frequent and severe in the mountainous and downstream areas of the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra river basins, because of an increase in extreme precipitation events.
The severity of floods was expected to more than double towards the end of the century, it said
The government is devising a plan to come up with a ‘green wall’ expected to be 1,400-km long and 5-km wide between Gujarat and Delhi-Haryana border.
The green belt, a replica of Africa’s ambitious 8,000 km ‘Great Green Wall’ initiative that was designed to run across more than 20 African countries, will be an attempt to combat land degradation.
The project is still in its early stages and will likely stretch from Porbandar in Gujarat to Panipat in Haryana.
The idea behind the green belt is to stop degradation along the Aravali hills ranges by afforestation.
It will also act as a barrier for dust coming from the deserts in western India and Pakistan.
It would also help India deal with the Thar desert desertification in Rajasthan.
MASSIVE ICEBERG BREAKS OFF ANTARCTICA—BUT IT’S NORMAL
The iceberg, dubbed D28, broke away from the Amery ice shelf between September 24 and 25, according to observations from European and American satellites.
Iceberg production is part of the normal cycle of ice shelves, which are an extension of the ice cap.
Ice shelves have to lose mass because they gain mass.
They want to stay the same size.
The gain in mass comes from snow falling on the continent and glaciers that move slowly toward the shore.
The east of Antarctica—where D28 broke off—is different from the west of the continent and Greenland, which are rapidly warming due to climate change.
INDIA IS HOME TO ASIA’S OLDEST BAMBOO
With over 49,000 plant species reported as of 2018, India holds about 11.5% of all flora in the world.
Now, a new fossil record has shown that India is the birthplace of Asian bamboo, and they were formed about 25 million years ago in the north-eastern part of the country.
An international team of researchers found two fossil compressions or impressions of bamboo culms (stems) and after further study noted them to be new species.
They were named Bambusiculmus tirapensis and B. makumensis – as they were found in the Tirap mine of Makum Coalfield in Assam.
These belonged to the late Oligocene period of about 25 million years ago.
They also found two impressions of bamboo leaves belonging to new species Bambusium deomarense, and B. arunachalense, named after the Doimara region of Arunachal Pradesh where it was discovered.
These leaves were found in the late Miocene to Pliocene sediments, indicating that they were between 11 and three million years old.
Yunnan Province in China now has the highest diversity of bamboo, but the oldest fossil in that region is less than 20 million years old, clearly indicating that Asian bamboo was born in India and then migrated there.
This finding further strengthens the theory that bamboo came to Asia from India and not from Europe.
Today, we can see bamboo in a wide range of climatic conditions from as cold as 5 degree C to even 30 degrees C.
And at sea level to heights of about 4,000 metres.
They can survive in varying rainfall conditions too.
In fact, the European bamboo fossil is about 50 million years old.
The Indian plate collided with the Eurasian plate about 50 million years ago.
However, the suturing between the two plates was not completed until 23 million years, meaning the plates were not completely joined, restricting migration of plants and animals.
And also as the Himalayas were not formed yet, the temperature was also warm and humid in the Northeastern region, with not many seasonal variations.
The present climate in the region is cold with strong winter and summer conditions.
Bamboo braved these climatic and geographical changes making it the fittest in the survival race.