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Bhakti Movement Part 1-HISTORY(22 March)

By March 22, 2022May 25th, 2022Current Affairs, GS1, Medieval History

History

Bhakti Movement Part – 1

    Aim – Sought to bring religious reforms to all strata of society by adopting the method of devotion to achieve salvation.

    Time Period – From beginning of 7th century in South India, and spread towards North India with reaching its epitome in around 12-13th cen CE.

    Mode – Developed around different Gods and Goddesses and some sub sects such as Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism.

    The movement was inspired by many poet-saints, who championed a wide range of philosophicalpositions ranging from theistic dualism of Dvaita toabsolute monism of Advaita Vedanta.

    First or the Earliest Reference of this Bhakti Movement is found in – Shvetashavtara Upnishad

यस्यदेवेपराभक्तिःयथादेवेतथागुरौ।

तस्यैतेकथिताह्यर्थाःप्रकाशन्तेमहात्मनः

    Meaning – He who has highest Bhakti (love, devotion) of Deva (God), just like his Deva, so for his Guru (teacher), To him who is high-minded, these teachings will be illuminating.

    The Bhagavad Gita, a post-Vedic scripture composed in 5th to 2nd century BCE, introduces bhakti marga (the path of faith/devotion) as one of three ways to spiritual freedom and release,

    The other two being karma marga (the path of works) and jnana marga (the path of knowledge)