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Harimau Shakti – International Relations

Harimau Shakti

International Relations

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  • India-Malaysia joint military exercise, ‘Harimau Shakti-2022’, commenced at Pulai, Kluang, Malaysia on 28th November 2022.
  • Exercise HARIMAU SHAKTI is an annual training event between the Indian and Malaysian Army which is being conducted since 2012.
  • GARHWAL RIFLES Regiment of Indian Army and the Royal Malay Regiment of the Malaysian Army are participating in the exercise this year.

Objectives of Harimau Shakti

  • Both the armies share experiences gained during operations in order to enhance inter-operability in planning & execution of various operations in jungle terrain.

Objectives of Harimau Shakti 2022

  • Establishment of a joint command post.
  • Joint surveillance centre.
  • Sharing expertise in employment of aerial assets.
  • Technical demonstrations.
  • Casualty management & casualty evacuation.

Yudh Abhyas

  • 18th edition of Indo – US joint training exercise “YUDH ABHYAS 22” was conducted in Auli, Uttarakhand between 18-19th November 2022. 
  • Exercise Yudh Abhyas is conducted annually between India and USA.
  • With the aim of exchanging best practices, Tactics, Techniques and Procedures between the Armies of the two nations. 
  • The previous edition of the exercise was conducted at Joint Base Elmendorf Richardson, Alaska (USA) in October 2021.
  • The Yudh Abhyas is a 15-day-long exercise that will focus on high altitude and extremely cold climate warfare.
  • The First Exercise was conducted in Agra in 2002.
  • he troops from both nations will work together to achieve common objectives. 
  • The joint exercise will also focus on Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations. 
  • Troops will practice launching of swift & coordinated relief efforts in the wake of any natural calamity.
  • Indian Army soldiers from 9 Assam Regiment and U.S. Army soldiers of 40th Cavalry Regiment under 2nd Brigade of the 11th Airborne Division are taking part in the exercise.

Veer Guardian

  • The inaugural edition of the 16-day bilateral air exercise between the Indian Air Force and the Japan Air Self-Defence Force has concluded in Japan on 28th January 2023.
  • India and Japan conducted their first air exercise in Hyakuri Air Base in Japan.
  • The Exercise will will fortify the long-standing bond of friendship.
  • Enhance the avenues of defence cooperation between the two Air Forces.
  • India was represented by Sukhoi-30MKI, C-17 C-17 Globe masters and IL-78 aircrafts.
  • The Indian side will be led by Sukhoi-30MKI Squadron Leader Avni Chaturvedi. 
  • This is reportedly the first time that a female fighter pilot led the Indian fighter squadron in a bilateral exercise with a foreign partner.

Objectives of Veer Guardian

  • To augment air defence cooperation between the two sides.
  • Exchange of best practices and expertise on contemporary subjects like counter terrorism operation.
  • To share the experiences of exploiting disruptive technologies like Drone and Anti-Drone weapons.

Garuda Shakti

  • Indian Special Forces troops are currently engaged in a bilateral joint training Exercise GARUDA SHAKTI with Indonesian Special Forces at Sangga Buana Training Area, Karawang, Indonesia. 
  • Exercise GARUDA SHAKTI is the 8th edition of the series of bilateral exercises under this banner.
  • The exercise  commenced on 21 November 2022.
  • Aims at enhancing understanding, cooperation and interoperability between the Special Forces of both armies.
  • It had started off in 2012, in India. 
  • It is conducted as part of military diplomacy between the Indian and Indonesian Army alternatively in India and Indonesia.
  • The bilateral exercise also covers strikes on terrorist camps, training for special forces operations in jungle terrain, and a validation exercise that combines basic and advance special forces techniques.
  • Special Exercise also provides an opportunity for soldiers of both armies to explore each other’s culture and lifestyle to strengthen the defence. 

Vostok 2022

  • From September 1-7, Russia is holding annual military exercises in its eastern region.
  • With about 13 countries including India and China sending contingents. 
  • While the exercises in Vostok-2022 are routine.
  • They are the first such multilateral exercises to be held since the Russian war in Ukraine began. 
  • They include a maritime component near the disputed islands of South Kuril, claimed by both Russia and Japan.

The countries that have sent military contingents are –

  • Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Laos, Mongolia, Nicaragua, Syria and Tajikistan.
  • More than 50,000 troops and 5,000 units of military equipment” including 140 aircraft and 60 warships would participate in the exercises.
  • India has only sent its army contingent of the 7/8 Gorkha Rifles, and will not take part in the maritime section of the two-part event.

Russia’s Far East

Kuril Islands

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