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How to make short Notes for Revision-History(19th April)

By April 19, 2022April 25th, 2022GS1, History

History

How to make short Notes for Revision

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  • Vijayanagara Empire – Founder Harihara and Bukka (1336)  (Hampi Capital) (Earlier Feudatories under Hoysala/Kakatiyas) (Virupaksa / Pampadevi)
    • 4 Dynasties – Sangama – Sulva – Tuluva – Aravidu. (Shaivite/Vaishvanite)
    • Krishnadevaraya – NagalapuramGopurams and KalyanMandapasAmuktyamayada. (Telgu) – Usha Parinayam and Jambavati (S)— Portuguese Governor (Alfonso de Alburque)
    • Battle of Tallikota – Aliya Rama Raya defeated (Bahmani Confedracy)
  • Administration
    • Six Provinces (Naik) – Districts – Villages – Village administered by hereditary officers. (Mahanayakcharaya) – Mandalams – Nadus – Sthalas – Gramas. 
    • Concept of Amaram.
    • Land Tax – Based upon the type of Land – Usually upto 1/6th of the produce.
    • Industries Tax – Private owners of workshops.
  • Women
    • High Position- Nuniz writes that women were astrologers – clerks – accountants – guards – wrestlers.
    • Prostitution Legalised – Devadasi System and Sati Pratha Popular.
  • Social Life – 
    • Child Marriage, Polygamy and Sati were prevalent.
    • The King allowed freedom of religion.
  • Temple – 
    • Hazara Rama Temple and Vittalaswami Temple
  • Total 4 Travellershave visited during Vijayanagara times –
    • Nicholo de Conti – Devaraya I
    • Abdul Razzaq – Devaraya II
    • Domingo Paes and Barbosa – Krishandeva Raya
    • Nuniz – Achyuthdevaraya.


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