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Important Ports in India – Geography

By March 13, 2023May 22nd, 2023Announcement, Current Affairs, Geography, GS1

Important Ports in India

Geography

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Why in News

  • Recently, the government has prepared the Draft Indian Ports Bill, 2022.

Major VS Minor Ports

  • All the Major Ports are governed under the Major Port Trusts act, 1963 and are owned and managed by the Central Government.
  • Exception – Ennore – Companies Act 1956 
  • All the Minor Ports are governed under the Indian Port Act, 1908 and are owned and managed by the State Governments. 

NCERT

  • Kolkata (Shyamaprasad Mukherjee Port ) – India’s only major Riverine port – Situated on Hugli river(Diamond Harbor) – Natural Harbor- Oldest Operating Port – Gateway to Eastern India 
  • Paradip – Natural Harbor – India’s first major port after independence on east coast –Mahanadi
  • Vishakhapatnam– Deepest Port of India  – Natural Harbor- Oldest Shipping Yard –Deepest landlocked Port 
  • Ennore – India’s First corporatized port- Kamajar Port – First and Only corporatized major port in India – registered as a company 
  • Chennai – Artificial Port-– Gateway to southern India 
  • Tuticorin – V.O. Chidambaram port – Pearl Fishery
  • Kandla Port – Deendayal Port – Natural – Gulf of Kutch 
  • Mumbai Port Trust – Natural – Second Oldest Port – India’s Largest port by size – India’s Largest Natural Port 
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) – Artificial  – India’s largest container port – largest artificial Port in India 
  • Mormagao- Natural Port – Goa  – Estuary of Zuari River 
  • New Mangalore – Natural  – Gateway of Karanataka
  • Kochi Port – Natural – Sited in the Vembanad lake – Queen of Arabian Sea – Willington Island 

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