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Pre-Mix 5 MCQs For Prelims – Polity & Governance

Pre-Mix 5 MCQs For Prelims

Polity & Governance

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1. What is the correct chronological order in which the following States of the Indian Union were created or granted full statehood?

1. Andhra Pradesh
2. Nagaland
3. Maharashtra
4. Haryana

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A. 1-3-4-2
B. 3-1-2-4
C. 1-3-2-4
D. 3-1-4-2

 

2. With reference to the Representation of People Act 1951, consider the following statements:

1. A person to be elected to the legislative council may not be an elector for an assembly constituency in the concerned state.
2. A person to be elected to the legislative assembly must be an elector for an assembly constituency in the concerned state.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

 

3. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. 42nd Amendment to the Constitution of India gave primacy to Directive Principles over Fundamental Rights.

2. Minerva Mills case ruled that there has to be a balance between Part III and Part IV of the Constitution.
3. National Commission for Review of the Working of the Constitution has recommended that Directive Principles be made justiciable.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 1 and 3
D. 2 only

 

4. Consider the following statements:

1. The maximum number of seats in the legislative assembly of a state is mentioned in the Constitution of India.
2. Participation of workers in management of local self governments is a directive principle of state policy.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

 

5. Consider the following statements regarding Social Progress Index:

1. It is released by Niti Aayog.
2. All three best performing districts are from Himachal Pradesh.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A. 1 Only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

 

Answers with Explanations

1. What is the correct chronological order in which the following States of the Indian Union were created or granted full statehood?

1. Andhra Pradesh
2. Nagaland
3. Maharashtra
4. Haryana

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A. 1-3-4-2
B. 3-1-2-4
C. 1-3-2-4
D. 3-1-4-2

Answer : C

 

2. With reference to the Representation of People Act 1951, consider the following statements:

1. A person to be elected to the legislative council may not be an elector for an assembly constituency in the concerned state.
2. A person to be elected to the legislative assembly must be an elector for an assembly constituency in the concerned state.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B
Explanation

  • Statement 1 is incorrect. A person to be elected to the legislative council must be an elector for an assembly constituency in the concerned state.
  • Statement 2 is correct. A person to be elected to the legislative assembly must be an elector for an assembly constituency in the concerned state.

 

3. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. 42nd Amendment to the Constitution of India gave primacy to Directive Principles over Fundamental Rights.

2. Minerva Mills case ruled that there has to be a balance between Part III and Part IV of the Constitution.
3. National Commission for Review of the Working of the Constitution has recommended that Directive Principles be made justiciable.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

A. 1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C. 1 and 3
D. 2 only

Answer : A
Explanation

  • Statement 1 is correct
    • Provided that the laws made for the implementation of Directive Principles cannot be declared invalid by the courts on the ground of violation of some Fundamental Rights.(Article 31 C)
  • Statement 2 is correct
    • However, this extension was declared as unconstitutional and invalid by the Supreme Court in the Minerva Mills case (1980).
    • It means that the Directive Principles were once again made subordinate to the Fundamental Rights. But the Fundamental Rights conferred by Article 14 and Article 19 were accepted as subordinate to the Directive Principles specified in Article 39 (b) and (c).
    • In the Minerva Mills case (1980), the Supreme Court also held that ‘the Indian Constitution is founded on the bedrock of the balance between the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles
  • Statement 3 is incorrect
    • The National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution (NCRWC) was set up by a resolution of the Government of India in 2000.
    • The 11-member Commission was headed by M.N. Venkatachaliah, the former Chief Justice of India.
    • It submitted its report in 2002 .

1. The heading of Part-IV of the Constitution should be amended to read as ‘Directive Principles of State Policy and Action’.
2. A new Directive Principle on control of population should be added.
3. An independent National Education Commission should be set-up every five years.
4. An Inter-Faith Commission should be established to promote interreligious harmony and social solidarity.
5. There must be a body of high status to review the level of implementation of the
Directive Principles.

6. A strategic Plan of Action should be initiated to create a large number of employment opportunities in five years.
7. Implementation of the recommendations contained in the Report of the National
Statistical Commission (2001).

 

4. Consider the following statements:

1. The maximum number of seats in the legislative assembly of a state is mentioned in the Constitution of India.
2. Participation of workers in management of local self governments is a directive principle of state policy.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

Explanation

 

5. Consider the following statements regarding Social Progress Index:

1. It is released by Niti Aayog.
2. All three best performing districts are from Himachal Pradesh.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A. 1 Only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D

Explanation

Social Progress Index (SPI): States and Districts of India prepared by the Institute for Competitiveness and Social Progress Imperative was submitted to Economic Advisory Council – Prime Minister.

Social Progress Index:

  • Assesses states and districts based on 12 components across three critical dimensions of social progress – Basic Human Needs, Foundations of well-being, and Opportunity.
  • Based on the SPI scores, states and districts have been ranked under six tiers of social progress:
    • Tier 1: Very High Social Progress
    • Tier 2: High Social Progress
    • Tier 3: Upper Middle Social Progress
    • Tier 4: Lower Middle Social Progress
    • Tier 5: Low Social Progress
    • Tier 6: Very Low Social Progress
  • The report also dwells on India’s performance based on Global SPI.
  • In the September 2022 report, India is ranked 110th out of 169 nations.

Report findings:

  • Puducherry has the highest SPI score of 65.99 in the country, attributable to its remarkable performance across components like Personal Freedom and Choice, Shelter, and Water and Sanitation.
  • Lakshadweep and Goa closely follow it with scores of 65.89 and 65.53, respectively.
  • Jharkhand and Bihar scored the lowest, 43.95 and 44.47, respectively.
  • Aizwal (Mizoram), Solan (HP) and Shimla (HP) – top 3 best performing districts.

Basic Human Needs assess the performance of states and districts in terms of Nutrition and Basic Medical Care, Water and Sanitation, Personal Safety and Shelter.
Foundations of Wellbeing evaluates the progress made by the country across the components of Access to Basic Knowledge, Access to Information and Communication, Health and Wellness, and Environmental Quality.
Opportunity focuses on Personal Rights, Personal Freedom and Choice, Inclusiveness, and Access to Advanced Education.

 

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