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Ramsar Sites In India

 5 New Ramsar Sites In India

Answer

Introduction

  • Five more sites from India have been recognized under the 1971 Ramsar Convention on Wetlands.
  • Bringing the total number of such designated areas in the country to 54.
  • The Ramsar Convention signed on February 2, 1971, is one of the oldest inter-governmental accord signed by members countries to preserve the ecological character of their wetlands of international importance.
  • At the time of joining the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, each Contracting Party undertakes to designate at least one wetland site for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance.
  • The inclusion of a “Ramsar Site” in the List embodies the government’s commitment to take the steps necessary to ensure that its ecological character is maintained.
  • There are over 2,500 Ramsar Sites on the territories of 170 Ramsar Contracting Parties across the world.
  • The countries with the most sites are the United Kingdom with 175 and Mexico with 142.
  • Bolivia has the largest area under Ramsar protection.

Ramsar sites in India

  • India’s Ramsar wetlands are spread over 11,000 sq km around 10% of the total wetland area in the country across 18 States.
  • No other South Asian country has as many sites though this has much to do with India’s geographical breadth and tropical diversity.
  • India’s space agency, ISRO, has mapped the country’s wetlands, covering 15.98 million hectares which is around 4.86% of the total geographic area of the country.
  • A total of 2,31,195 wetlands (area >= 2.25 ha) have been mapped at 1:50,000 scale during 2017-18.
  • There are 54 Ramsar Sites in India.
  • Uttar Pradesh has seven wetlands.
  • Punjab has six wetlands.
  • Tamil Nadu has four wetlands.
  • Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Kerala have three wetlands each.
  • West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan have two wetlands each.
  • Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Tripura, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Mizoram, Manipur Jammu & Kashmir have one wetland each.
  • Largest Ramsar Sites in India (Area in Sq. km)
    • Sunderbans Wetland – West Bengal
    • Vembanad Kol Wetland – Kerala
    • Chilka Lake – Orissa
  • Smallest Ramsar Sites in India (Area in Sq. km)
    • Renuka Wetland- Himachal Pradesh
    • Chandertal Wetland – Himachal Pradesh
    • Kanjli Lake – Punjab

Oldest Ramsar Sites in India

    • Chilka Lake – Orissa

Newest Ramsar Sites in India

    • Karikili Bird Sanctuary – Tamil Nadu
    • Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest – Tamil Nadu
    • Pichavaram Mangrove – Tamil Nadu
    • Sakhya Sagar – Madhya Pradesh
    • Pala Wetland – Mizoram.

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Karikili Bird Sanctuary

  • It is a 61.21-hectare protected area located in the Kancheepuram District of the state of Tamil Nadu.
  • About 100 species were recorded from this sanctuary.
  • It has been identified as one of the Important Bird Areas of Tamil Nadu.

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Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest

  • It is a freshwater marsh in the city of Chennai, India.
  • It is situated adjacent to the Bay of Bengal, about 20 kilometres (south of the city centre, and has a geographical area of 80 square kilometres.
  • Pallikaranai marshland is the only surviving wetland ecosystem of the city and is among the few and last remaining natural wetlands of South India.