BPSC Syllabus 2022 for Prelims Exam
The syllabus for the BPSC Prelims Exam is the same as that of the previous exams of the BPSC. It covers the aspects of General Science, Polity, Economy, History and the National Movement. The candidates have to go through the syllabus and prepare themselves well because the exam will have questions of a good standard. Here is a detailed syllabus of the BPSC Prelims Exam:
General Science (General understanding of science, including matters of everyday observation and experience). The questions on Science and Tech will be such that they do not require subject specialization.
Current Affairs of National/International importance
History of India and Bihar (General understanding of the subject with the broad aspects of the history of Bihar)
Geography of India and Bihar (Questions will relate to the physical, social and economic geography of the country including the main features of Indian agricultural and natural resources)
General geography and geographical division of Bihar and its major river systems
Indian polity (Questions will test knowledge on the country’s political system, Panchayati raj, community development and planning in India and Bihar)
Indian economy and economy of Bihar post-independence
Indian Movements and Contribution of Bihar in it (Question will relate to the nature and character of the 19th century resurgence, growth of nationalism and attainment of Independence with special reference to Bihar)
Under Indian Economy and Polity, the questions will cover the following topics:
- Indian Political System
- Panchayati Raj
- Community Development
- Planning in India and Bihar
Under Indian National Movement, candidates have to focus on the resurgence in the 19th century, nature and growth of nationalism in India, and India’s independence. Also, the role of Bihar in the Indian National Movement is important from the BPSC exam point of view
BPCS Prelims Syllabus
Candidates will be required to write three short essays in English or Punjabi on specified topics. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.
The MPPSC Mains Paper-V is for the Hindi language. It includes
Hindi to English and English to Hindi Translation.
GENERAL STUDIES I - HISTORY, GEOGRAPHY AND SOCIETY
- History of the world : Events from 18th century; industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like Communism, Capitalism, Socialism etc. -their forms and effect on society.
- Indian culture- Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
- Modern Indian history from the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities and issues.
- Socio-religious reform movements with special reference to Punjab.
- The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country with special reference to Punjab.
- Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
- History of Punjab: Ranjit Singh’s rise to power, civil and military administration and relations with the British, Annexation of Punjab with special reference to the causes and consequences of the Anglo-Sikh wars.
- Physical Geography: Salient features of world’s physical geography. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
- Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. 11
- Geography of Punjab: Physiographic details of Punjab; Geomorphic features of Punjab, Punjab’s strategic location with reference to International Border; Crops of Punjab; Modern concepts of Farming; Problems faced by agriculturists/ Issues in Agriculture: Depletion of ground water, etc;
- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
- Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies
- Effects of globalization on Indian society
- Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
- Ethics and Society: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
- Human Values – Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values; lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders and reformers- Gautam Buddha, Mahavira, Kabir, Guru Nanak; Swami Vivekananda, Jyotibha Phule, Ishwar Chandra Vidya Sagar and Mahatma Gandhi.
- Vulnerable sections of the population – Welfare schemes by the Centre and State of Punjab and their performance; Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for their protection and betterment.
- Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector- Health, Education, Human Resources; Issues relating to Poverty and Malnutrition.
GENERAL STUDIES II - INDIAN CONSTITUTION & POLITY, GOVERNANCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
INDIAN CONSTITUTION & POLITY
- Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
- Functions and responsibilities of Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
- Separation of powers between various organs; Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
- Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
- Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
- Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary; Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
- Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
- Appointment to various Constitutional posts; Powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies
- District Administration – Evolution of District Administration; Panchayati Raj Institutions and Urban Local Bodies.
- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation; Development processes and the development organizations- the role of NGOs, SHGs, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
- Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures; Role of civil services in a democracy; Changing trends in Governance
- Values and Ethics in Governance- Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding.
- Probity in Governance: Concept of Governance; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; corporate governance; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
- India and its neighborhood- relations
- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests;
- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora
- Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure and mandate.
GENERAL STUDIES III - ECONOMY, STATISTICS AND SECURITY ISSUES
- Issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment; sustainable development; Inclusive growth and issues arising from it; Government Budgeting;
- Major crops, cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems; storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce- issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers; Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Technology missions; economics of animal rearing.
- Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security;
- Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management
- Land reforms in India; Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
- Infrastructure- Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc; Investment models
- Human Resource Development: Importance of Human capital in economic development; Nature, types and problems of unemployment in India, Trends of Employment in India, Skill development and demographic dividend
- Punjab Economy: Planning- various aspects of developmental planning; Industry; Infrastructure.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS, GRAPHS AND DIAGRAMS
This part will test the candidate’s ability to draw conclusions from information presented in statistical, graphical or diagrammatical form and to interpret the same.
ISSUES RELATED TO SECURITY
- Linkages between development and spread of extremism;
- Role of external, State and non-State actors in creating challenges to internal security; Challenges to internal security through communication networks; role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges,
- Basics of cybersecurity; money-laundering and its prevention;
- Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
- Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate
GENERAL STUDIES IV - SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT, PROBLEM SOLVING & DECISION MAKING
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
- Science and Technology: Developments and applications of science and technology and their effects in everyday life; Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology; Recent developments in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, etc.; Issues relating to intellectual property rights.
- Modern Trends in Life Sciences: Progress of Agricultural Science and its impact– Introduction to Biotechnology and its applications; Veterinary and Animal Scienceslatest developments; Introduction to and applications of Genetic Engineering & Stem Cell Research; Human Diseases and Microbial infections; Common infections and preventive measures; preventive measures during out breaks; Immunity and vaccination
- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, Issues related to Climate change; environmental impact assessment
- Water management- Issues in India; Present scenario, Methods and importance of water conservation
- Definition, nature, types and classification of disasters
- Natural Hazards: Floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides, etc., Risk reduction and mitigation measures
SITUATIONS IN CIVIL SERVICE-PROBLEM SOLVING AND DECISION MAKING
- Tackling situations of Natural disasters/ Major Accidents/ Law and order
- Controlling riots, Handling public protests and dharnas
- Land Acquisition and Rehabilitation, Designing Projects
- Implementation of National Flagship Schemes/ Programmmes; Public Private Partnership in effective service delivery; Managing and financing Municipal services e.g. Solid waste management
- Conservation of natural resources- water, forests, etc; Pollution control
- Reviving a loss making PSU, Planning and target achievement
- Gender sensitization and women empowerment; Empowerment of vulnerable sections of the society
- Improving Education and Enhancing Skill development
- Urban settlement, Slums and Housing issues
- Managing Issues related to Urban/ Rural drinking water supply and sanitation, etc.