UPSC Prelims Mains Syllabus 2023 - Sleepy Classes Skip to main content

PCS Mains Syllabus


  • Comprehension (Unseen Passage): An unseen passage followed by Questions to be answered for 10 Marks
  • Precis writing: Passage to be summarized to 1/3rd for 10 Marks
  • Letter writing: Letter to be written in 200 words for 10 Marks
  • Essay writing: Essay on any general topic in 300 words for 10 Marks
  • Translation: Translation for 10 Marks
  • Grammar: Present in Section B for 50 Marks


Essay Paper Syllabus

In this paper, candidates need to write three essays (in about 700 words) in three hours. There will be three sections in the UPPSC Essay question paper and the candidates need to choose one topic from each section. The section-wise syllabus is as follows:

  • Section A: (1) Literature and Culture. (2) Social sphere. (3) Political sphere.
  • Section B: (1) Science, Environment, and Technology. (2) Economic Sphere (3) Agriculture, Industry, and Trade.
  • Section C: (1) National and International Events. (2) Natural Calamities, Land slide, Earthquake, Deluge, Drought, etc. (3) National Development programmes and projects.

General Hindi

The MPPSC Mains Paper-V is for the Hindi language.  It includes



Administrative Vocabulary

Hindi to English and English to Hindi Translation.



  • General Studies I (Paper III):
    • Modern Indian history (from A.D.1757 to A.D. 1947): Significant events, personalities, issues, etc.
    • The Freedom Struggle- its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country
    • History of Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature, and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
    • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country (till 1965A.D.).
    • The history of the world will include events from the 18th century to the middle of the 20th century such
      as the French revolution of 1789, the industrial revolution, World Wars, redraw of national boundaries, Socialism, Nazism, Fascism etc-their forms and effect on the society.
    • Salient features of Indian Society and culture.
    • Role of Women in society and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems, and their remedies.
    • Meaning of liberalization, privatization, and globalization and their effects on the economy, polity, and social structure.
    • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
    • Distribution of major natural resources of World- Water, Soils, Forests about South and South-East Asia with special reference to India. Factors responsible for the location of industries (with special reference to India).
    • Salient features of Physical Geography- Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Cyclone, Ocean Currents, winds, and glaciers.
    • Oceanic resources of India and their potential.
    • The human migration-refugee problem of the World with a focus on India.
    • Frontiers and boundaries concerning the Indian sub-continent.
    • Population and Settlements- Types and Patterns, Urbanization, Smart Cities, and Smart Villages.
    • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh – History, Culture, Art, Architecture, Festival, Folk-Dance, Literature, Regional Languages, Heritage, Social Customs, and Tourism.
    • Specific knowledge of U.P.- Geography- Human and Natural Resources, Climate, Soils, Forest, Wild-Life, Mines and Minerals, Sources of Irrigation.


  • Physical Geography: Salient features of world’s physical geography. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. 11
  • Geography of Punjab: Physiographic details of Punjab; Geomorphic features of Punjab, Punjab’s strategic location with reference to International Border; Crops of Punjab; Modern concepts of Farming; Problems faced by agriculturists/ Issues in Agriculture: Depletion of ground water, etc;


  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism
  • Ethics and Society: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Human Values – Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values; lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders and reformers- Gautam Buddha, Mahavira, Kabir, Guru Nanak; Swami Vivekananda, Jyotibha Phule, Ishwar Chandra Vidya Sagar and Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Vulnerable sections of the population – Welfare schemes by the Centre and State of Punjab and their performance; Mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for their protection and betterment.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector- Health, Education, Human Resources; Issues relating to Poverty and Malnutrition.


  • General Studies II Syllabus (Paper-IV):
    • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure, Role of Supreme Court in the evolution of basic provisions of Constitution.
    • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States: issues and challenges about the federal structure, devolution of powers, and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
    • Role of Finance Commission in Centre-State financial relations.
    • Separation of powers, dispute redressal mechanisms, and institutions. Emergence and use of alternative dispute redressal mechanisms.
    • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other major democratic countries.
    • Parliament and State legislatures- structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers and privileges, and concerning issues.
    • Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary: Ministries and Departments of the Government, Pressure groups, and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. Public Interest Litigation (PIL).
    • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
    • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, Powers, functions, and their responsibilities.
    • Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies including NITI Aayog, their features, and functioning.
    • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design, implementation, and Information Communication Technology (ICT).
    • Development processes- the role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Self Help Groups (SHGs), various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
    • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes, mechanisms, laws, institutions, and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
    • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
    • Issues relating to poverty and hunger, their implication on the body politic.
    • Important aspects of governance. Transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential, citizens, charters, and institutional measures.
    • Role of Civil Services in a democracy in the context of emerging trends.
    • India and its relationship with neighboring countries.
    • Bilateral, Regional, and Global groupings and agreements involving India and/ or affecting India’s interest.
    • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests- Indian diaspora.
    • Important International Institutions, Agencies their structure, mandate, and functioning.
    • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh regarding Political, Administrative, Revenue, and Judicial systems.
    • Current affairs and events of Regional, State, National, and International importance.


  • General Studies III Syllabus (Paper-V):
    • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
    • Economic planning in India, objectives, and achievements. Role of NITI Aayog, Pursuit of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
    • Issues of Poverty, Unemployment, Social justice, and inclusive growth.
    • Components of Government Budgets and Financial System.
    • Major Crops, Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce, e-technology in the aid of farmers.
    • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices, Public Distribution System (PDS)- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping, issues of buffer stocks and food security, Technology missions in agriculture.
    • Land reforms in India since independence.
    • Effects of liberalization and globalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy, and their effects on industrial growth.
    • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, etc.
    • Science and Technology-developments and applications in everyday life and National Security, India’s Science and Technology Policy.
    • Achievements of Indians in science & technology, indigenization of technology. Developments of New technologies, transfer of technology, dual and critical use technologies.
    • Awareness in the fields of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Space Technology, Computers, Energy resources, nanotechnology, microbiology, biotechnology. Issues relating to intellectual property rights (IPR), and digital rights.
    • Environmental security and Ecosystems, Conservation of Wildlife, Biodiversity, Environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
    • Disaster as a Non-traditional security and safety challenge, disaster mitigation, and management.
    • Challenges of International Security: Issues of Nuclear proliferation, Causes and spread of extremism, Communication networks, the role of media and social networking, Basics of cybersecurity, money laundering, and human trafficking.
    • India’s internal security challenges: Terrorism, corruption, insurgency, and organized crimes.
    • Role, kind, and mandate of security forces, higher defense organizations in India
    • Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh Economy:- Overview of UP Economy: State Budgets. Importance of Agriculture, Industry, Infrastructure, and physical resources. Human Resources and Skill Development & Government Programmes and Welfare Schemes.
    • Issues in Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry, and Animal Husbandry.
    • Law and Order and Civil Defence with special reference to U.P.


  • General Studies IV- Ethics Syllabus (Paper-VI):
    • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values-lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers, and administrators, the role of family, society, and educational institutions in inculcating values.
    • Attitude: Content, structure, function, its influence, and relation with thought and behavior, moral and political attitudes, social influence, and persuasion. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public services, empathy, tolerance, and compassion towards the weaker sections.
    • Emotional Intelligence – concept and dimensions, its utility, and application in administration and governance.
    • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
    • Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration: Status and problems, ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations, and conscience as sources of ethical guidance, accountability, and ethical governance, strengthening of moral values in governance, ethical issues in international relations and funding, corporate governance.
    • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service, the philosophical basis of governance and probity, information sharing, and transparency in government. Right to Information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen’s charter, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.