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High yielding topics in the UPSC prelims that one should know

The UPSC Civil Services Examination is one of the most prestigious and challenging exams in India. To succeed in the UPSC Prelims, candidates need to focus on high-yielding topics that are frequently tested. This article delves into the essential subjects that can significantly boost your score and help you clear the Prelims with confidence.

Key Takeaways

  • Understanding the Indian Constitution and its key features is crucial for the UPSC Prelims.
  • Familiarize yourself with major economic policies and their outcomes to excel in the Economic Development section.
  • Grasping the physical geography and important geographical phenomena of India can give you an edge.
  • Knowing the significant historical events and movements, especially the freedom struggle, is vital.
  • Stay updated with recent developments in science and technology and their applications in governance.

Understanding the Indian Constitution and Governance


The Indian Constitution is the cornerstone of the country’s political system, laying out the basic rules, rights, and responsibilities. Understanding the Indian polity and constitution is crucial for both the preliminary and mains exams. It is essential to grasp how Parliament, the courts, and key government departments function. Additionally, keeping up with current government policies and their implications for governance is vital.

Economic Development and Policies


India has implemented several major economic policies over the years, each with significant outcomes. Policies like the New Economic Policy of 1991, which introduced liberalization, privatization, and globalization, have transformed the Indian economy. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is another landmark reform aimed at creating a unified tax structure. Understanding these policies is crucial for grasping India’s economic landscape.

The Indian economy has witnessed various trends, from rapid growth phases to periods of slowdown. Key areas in the economy for UPSC prelims 2024 include growth and development, poverty, and human capital. Monitoring these trends helps in understanding the broader economic environment and the challenges faced by the country.

The government plays a pivotal role in economic development through fiscal and monetary policies. Institutions like the RBI and NITI Aayog are instrumental in shaping economic strategies. Government initiatives such as the National Education Policy 2020 and schemes for self-help groups (SHGs) and NGOs are designed to foster inclusive growth and development. The balance between economic growth and social equity remains a critical focus for policymakers.

Geographical Significance in UPSC Prelims


Understanding the geographical aspects of India is crucial for the UPSC Prelims. This section covers various topics that are frequently asked in the exam, making it a high-yield area for aspirants.

Historical Events and Movements


Understanding the historical events and movements in India is crucial for the UPSC prelims. These events not only shaped the nation’s past but also influence its present and future. A strong grasp of these topics can significantly boost your score in the exam.

Science and Technology in Everyday Life


Recent Developments in Science and Technology

Staying updated with the latest advancements in science and technology is crucial for UPSC aspirants. Topics like the Chandrayaan-3 mission, the CoWIN Data Breach, and the LIGO-India Project are not only relevant but also frequently discussed in the exam. Understanding these developments helps in answering questions related to current affairs and their applications in real life.

Applications of Technology in Governance

Technology plays a significant role in modern governance. Initiatives like the Electronic Interlocking System in Railways and the Space Science and Technology Awareness Training (START) program demonstrate how technological advancements can improve public services and safety. These applications are essential for understanding how technology can be leveraged to enhance governance.

Scientific Innovations and Their Impact

Scientific innovations have a profound impact on our daily lives. From the Human Genome Project to the development of nanotechnology, these advancements shape various aspects of society. It’s important to grasp how these innovations influence sectors like healthcare, agriculture, and environmental conservation.

Understanding the role of science and technology in everyday life is not just about memorizing facts but about appreciating their practical applications and implications.

Environmental Issues and Biodiversity


Understanding environmental issues and biodiversity is crucial for the UPSC prelims. This subject covers a wide range of topics, including climate change, pollution, and conservation efforts. Environmental degradation is a significant concern, and various policies and acts, such as the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, aim to address these issues. Additionally, international conventions play a vital role in global environmental protection efforts.

Environmental issues are having a devastating impact on biodiversity, threatening countless species and ecosystems. It’s crucial that we take immediate action to protect our planet’s natural resources. Visit our website to learn more about how you can contribute to preserving biodiversity and combating environmental challenges.



In conclusion, mastering high-yielding topics for the UPSC Prelims is essential for aspirants aiming to secure a top rank. By focusing on key areas such as Economy, Geography, Polity and Governance, Science & Technology, and History, candidates can significantly enhance their chances of success. The expertise of seasoned educators like Arvind Guleria, Shraddha Ganjoo, Ayush Raina, Dharminder Singh, and Shubham Sagar provides invaluable guidance in navigating these complex subjects. Additionally, leveraging comprehensive courses and test series can further solidify one’s preparation. Remember, strategic preparation and a thorough understanding of crucial topics are the cornerstones of excelling in the UPSC Prelims. Good luck!

Frequently Asked Questions


What are the key features of the Indian Constitution that are important for the UPSC Prelims?

The key features of the Indian Constitution include its federal structure, the separation of powers, fundamental rights, directive principles of state policy, and the roles of the President and Prime Minister. These elements are crucial for understanding the governance of India and are frequently tested in the UPSC Prelims.

How do major economic policies impact the Indian economy?

Major economic policies, such as liberalization, privatization, and globalization, have significantly impacted the Indian economy by enhancing growth, increasing foreign investment, and improving infrastructure. Understanding these policies and their outcomes is essential for the UPSC Prelims.

Why is physical geography of India significant for the UPSC Prelims?

The physical geography of India, including its diverse landforms, rivers, climate, and natural resources, is significant for the UPSC Prelims as it forms the foundation for understanding various environmental and socio-economic issues in the country.

What are some major historical events that one should focus on for the UPSC Prelims?

Major historical events to focus on include the Indian Independence movement, significant battles, the formation of the Indian National Congress, and various cultural and social movements. These events are pivotal in shaping modern India and are frequently asked in the UPSC Prelims.

How do recent developments in science and technology influence UPSC Prelims preparation?

Recent developments in science and technology, such as advancements in space technology, biotechnology, and information technology, influence UPSC Prelims preparation by providing current and relevant topics that reflect the dynamic nature of these fields. Staying updated with these developments is crucial.

What are the key environmental challenges that are important for the UPSC Prelims?

Key environmental challenges include climate change, pollution, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, and water scarcity. Understanding these issues and the policies aimed at addressing them is important for the UPSC Prelims as they are central to sustainable development.